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Stigma of Sexual Violence and Womens Decision to Work

Author

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  • Chakraborty, Tanika
  • Mukherjee, Anirban
  • Rachapalli,Swapnika Reddy
  • Saha, Sarani

Abstract

Our study is motivated by two disturbing evidences concerning women in India. On one hand, crime against women is on the rise while on the other, women's labor force participation rate (WLFPR) has been declining over the last three decades. We estimate the extent to which the decline in WLFPR can be assigned to increasing instances of crime against women. We argue that an increase in crime against women, increases the non-pecuniary costs of traveling to work, particularly in a traditional society marked by stigma against victims of sexual crimes. Our findings suggest that women are less likely to work away from home in regions where the perceived threat of sexual harassment against girls is higher. The estimate is robust to various sensitivity checks. Moreover, the deterrence effect of crime responds to the opportunity cost of work on one hand and the stigma cost of sexual crimes on the other.

Suggested Citation

  • Chakraborty, Tanika & Mukherjee, Anirban & Rachapalli,Swapnika Reddy & Saha, Sarani, 2017. "Stigma of Sexual Violence and Womens Decision to Work," GLO Discussion Paper Series 96, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:96
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Agüero, Jorge M., 2021. "COVID-19 and the rise of intimate partner violence," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 137(C).
    2. Dhanaraj, Sowmya & Mahambare, Vidya, 2019. "Family structure, education and women’s employment in rural India," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 17-29.
    3. Siddique, Zahra, 2018. "Violence and Female Labor Supply," IZA Discussion Papers 11874, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    4. Kanika Mahajan & Sheetal Sekhri, 2020. "Access to Toilets and Violence Against Women," Working Papers 44, Ashoka University, Department of Economics.
    5. Saloni Khurana & Kanika Mahajan, 2019. "Public Safety for Women: Is Regulation of Social Drinking Spaces Effective?," Working Papers 11, Ashoka University, Department of Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Crime-against-women; Labor-force-participation; stigma-cost;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy

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