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Instrumental Regression in Partially Linear Models

  • Florens, Jean-Pierre
  • Johannes, Jan
  • Van Bellegem, Sébastien

We consider the semiparametric regression Xtβ+φ(Z) where β and φ(·) are unknown slope coefficient vector and function, and where the variables (X,Z) are endogeneous. We propose necessary and sufficient conditions for the identification of the parameters in the presence of instrumental variables. We also focus on the estimation of β. An incorrect parameterization of φ may generally lead to an inconsistent estimator of β, whereas even consistent nonparametric estimators for φ imply a slow rate of convergence of the estimator of β. An additional complication is that the solution of the equation necessitates the inversion of a compact operator that has to be estimated nonparametrically. In general this inversion is not stable, thus the estimation of β is ill-posed. In this paper, a √n-consistent estimator for β is derived under mild assumptions. One of these assumptions is given by the so-called source condition that is explicitly interprated in the paper. Finally we show that the estimator achieves the semiparametric efficiency bound, even if the model is heteroscedastic. Monte Carlo simulations demonstrate the reasonable performance of the estimation procedure on finite samples.

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Paper provided by Toulouse School of Economics (TSE) in its series TSE Working Papers with number 10-167.

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Date of creation: Sep 2009
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Handle: RePEc:tse:wpaper:22820
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  1. Xiaohong Chen & Oliver Linton & Ingrid Van Keilegom, 2003. "Estimation of semiparametric models when the criterion function is not smooth," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 2167, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  2. Chamberlain, Gary, 1987. "Asymptotic efficiency in estimation with conditional moment restrictions," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 305-334, March.
  3. Whitney K. Newey & James L. Powell, 2003. "Instrumental Variable Estimation of Nonparametric Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(5), pages 1565-1578, 09.
  4. Robinson, Peter M, 1988. "Root- N-Consistent Semiparametric Regression," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 56(4), pages 931-54, July.
  5. Richard Blundell & Joel Horowitz, 2004. "A nonparametric test of exogeneity," CeMMAP working papers CWP15/04, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  6. Chunrong Ai & Xiaohong Chen, 2003. "Efficient Estimation of Models with Conditional Moment Restrictions Containing Unknown Functions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(6), pages 1795-1843, November.
  7. Newey, Whitney K, 1990. "Efficient Instrumental Variables Estimation of Nonlinear Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 58(4), pages 809-37, July.
  8. Hardle, Wolfgang & LIang, Hua & Gao, Jiti, 2000. "Partially linear models," MPRA Paper 39562, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 01 Sep 2000.
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