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Nonparametric estimation of an instrumental regression: A quasi-Bayesian approach based on regularized posterior

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  • Jean-Pierre Florens

    (GREMAQ - Groupe de recherche en économie mathématique et quantitative - UT1 - Université Toulouse 1 Capitole - Université Fédérale Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Anna Simoni

    (THEMA - Théorie économique, modélisation et applications - UCP - Université de Cergy Pontoise - Université Paris-Seine - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

We propose a Quasi-Bayesian nonparametric approach to estimating the structural relationship ' among endogenous variables when instruments are available. We show that the posterior distribution of ' is inconsistent in the frequentist sense. We interpret this fact as the ill-posedness of the Bayesian inverse problem defined by the relation that characterizes the structural function '. To solve this problem, we construct a regularized posterior distribution, based on a Tikhonov regularization of the inverse of the marginal variance of the sample, which is justified by a penalized projection argument. This regularized posterior distribution is consistent in the frequentist sense and its mean can be interpreted as the mean of the exact posterior distribution resulting from a gaussian prior distribution with a shrinking covariance operator.
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Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Pierre Florens & Anna Simoni, 2012. "Nonparametric estimation of an instrumental regression: A quasi-Bayesian approach based on regularized posterior," Post-Print hal-00922877, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00922877
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00922877
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    1. Frédérique Fève & Jean-Pierre Florens, 2010. "The practice of non-parametric estimation by solving inverse problems: the example of transformation models," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 13(3), pages 1-27, October.
    2. Florens, Jean-Pierre & Simoni, Anna, 2016. "Regularizing Priors For Linear Inverse Problems," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 32(1), pages 71-121, February.
    3. Chen, Xiaohong & Reiss, Markus, 2011. "On Rate Optimality For Ill-Posed Inverse Problems In Econometrics," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 27(3), pages 497-521, June.
    4. Dewatripont,Mathias & Hansen,Lars Peter & Turnovsky,Stephen J. (ed.), 2003. "Advances in Economics and Econometrics," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521818728, October.
    5. S. Darolles & Y. Fan & J. P. Florens & E. Renault, 2011. "Nonparametric Instrumental Regression," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 79(5), pages 1541-1565, September.
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    8. Florens, Jean-Pierre & Johannes, Jan & Van Bellegem, Sébastien, 2011. "Identification And Estimation By Penalization In Nonparametric Instrumental Regression," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 27(3), pages 472-496, June.
    9. Florens, Jean-Pierre & Johannes, Jan & Van Bellegem, Sebastien, 2011. "Identification and estimation by penalization in Nonparametric Instrumental Regression," LIDAM Reprints ISBA 2011046, Université catholique de Louvain, Institute of Statistics, Biostatistics and Actuarial Sciences (ISBA).
    10. Richard Blundell & Xiaohong Chen & Dennis Kristensen, 2007. "Semi-Nonparametric IV Estimation of Shape-Invariant Engel Curves," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 75(6), pages 1613-1669, November.
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    14. Jean‐Pierre Florens & Jan Johannes & Sébastien Van Bellegem, 2012. "Instrumental regression in partially linear models," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 15(2), pages 304-324, June.
    15. Mathias Dewatripont & Lars Peter Hansen & Stephen Turnovsky, 2003. "Advances in Economics and Econometrics: Theory and Applications, Eighth World Congress," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/176003, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    16. Dewatripont,Mathias & Hansen,Lars Peter & Turnovsky,Stephen J. (ed.), 2003. "Advances in Economics and Econometrics," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521524117, October.
    17. Jean-Pierre Florens & Anna Simoni, 2012. "Regularized Posteriors in Linear Ill-Posed Inverse Problems," Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, Danish Society for Theoretical Statistics;Finnish Statistical Society;Norwegian Statistical Association;Swedish Statistical Association, vol. 39(2), pages 214-235, June.
    18. Richard Blundell & James L. Powell, 2001. "Endogeneity in nonparametric and semiparametric regression models," CeMMAP working papers CWP09/01, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    19. Gagliardini, Patrick & Scaillet, Olivier, 2012. "Tikhonov regularization for nonparametric instrumental variable estimators," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 167(1), pages 61-75.
    20. Dewatripont,Mathias & Hansen,Lars Peter & Turnovsky,Stephen J. (ed.), 2003. "Advances in Economics and Econometrics," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521818735, October.
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    22. Chen, Xiaohong & White, Halbert, 1998. "Central Limit And Functional Central Limit Theorems For Hilbert-Valued Dependent Heterogeneous Arrays With Applications," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 14(2), pages 260-284, April.
    23. Whitney K. Newey & James L. Powell, 2003. "Instrumental Variable Estimation of Nonparametric Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(5), pages 1565-1578, September.
    24. Mathias Dewatripont & Lars Peter Hansen & Stephen Turnovsky, 2003. "Advances in economics and econometrics :theory and applications," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/9557, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Siddhartha Chib & Minchul Shin & Anna Simoni, 2019. "Bayesian Estimation and Comparison of Conditional Moment Models," Working Papers 19-51, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
    2. Centorrino Samuele & Feve Frederique & Florens Jean-Pierre, 2017. "Additive Nonparametric Instrumental Regressions: A Guide to Implementation," Journal of Econometric Methods, De Gruyter, vol. 6(1), pages 1-25, January.
    3. Liao, Yuan & Simoni, Anna, 2012. "Semi-parametric Bayesian Partially Identified Models based on Support Function," MPRA Paper 43262, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Xiaohong Chen & Timothy M. Christensen, 2013. "Optimal uniform convergence rates for sieve nonparametric instrumental variables regression," CeMMAP working papers CWP56/13, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    5. Xiaohong Chen & Yin Jia Jeff Qiu, 2016. "Methods for Nonparametric and Semiparametric Regressions with Endogeneity: A Gentle Guide," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 8(1), pages 259-290, October.
    6. Hedibert F. Lopes & Nicholas G. Polson, 2014. "Bayesian Instrumental Variables: Priors and Likelihoods," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(1-4), pages 100-121, June.
    7. Ryo Kato & Takahiro Hoshino, 2018. "Semiparametric Bayes Instrumental Variable Estimation with Many Weak Instruments," Discussion Paper Series DP2018-14, Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University.
    8. Laurent Ferrara & Anna Simoni, 2019. "When are Google data useful to nowcast GDP? An approach via pre-selection and shrinkage," Working papers 717, Banque de France.
    9. Florens, Jean-Pierre & Simoni, Anna, 2016. "Regularizing Priors For Linear Inverse Problems," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 32(1), pages 71-121, February.
    10. Nalan Basturk & Cem Cakmakli & S. Pinar Ceyhan & Herman K. van Dijk, 2014. "On the Rise of Bayesian Econometrics after Cowles Foundation Monographs 10, 14," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 14-085/III, Tinbergen Institute, revised 04 Sep 2014.
    11. Manuel Wiesenfarth & Carlos Matías Hisgen & Thomas Kneib & Carmen Cadarso-Suarez, 2014. "Bayesian Nonparametric Instrumental Variables Regression Based on Penalized Splines and Dirichlet Process Mixtures," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(3), pages 468-482, July.
    12. Joel L. Horowitz, 2013. "Adaptive nonparametric instrumental variables estimation: empirical choice of the regularization parameter," CeMMAP working papers CWP30/13, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    13. Nalan Basturk & Cem Cakmakli & S. Pinar Ceyhan & Herman K. van Dijk, 2013. "Historical Developments in Bayesian Econometrics after Cowles Foundation Monographs 10, 14," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 13-191/III, Tinbergen Institute.
    14. Xiaohong Chen & Timothy Christensen, 2013. "Optimal Sup-norm Rates, Adaptivity and Inference in Nonparametric Instrumental Variables Estimation," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1923R, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, revised Apr 2015.
    15. Asin, Nicolas & Johannes, Jan, 2016. "Adaptive non-parametric instrumental regression in the presence of dependence," LIDAM Discussion Papers ISBA 2016015, Université catholique de Louvain, Institute of Statistics, Biostatistics and Actuarial Sciences (ISBA).
    16. Liao, Yuan & Jiang, Wenxin, 2011. "Posterior consistency of nonparametric conditional moment restricted models," MPRA Paper 38700, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    17. Samuele Centorrino & Jean-Pierre Florens, 2014. "Nonparametric Instrumental Variable Estimation of Binary Response Models," Department of Economics Working Papers 14-07, Stony Brook University, Department of Economics.
    18. Horowitz, Joel L., 2014. "Adaptive nonparametric instrumental variables estimation: Empirical choice of the regularization parameter," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 180(2), pages 158-173.
    19. Centorrino, Samuele & Florens, Jean-Pierre, 2021. "Nonparametric Instrumental Variable Estimation of Binary Response Models with Continuous Endogenous Regressors," Econometrics and Statistics, Elsevier, vol. 17(C), pages 35-63.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C11 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Bayesian Analysis: General
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • C30 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - General

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