Instrumental regression in partially linear models
We consider the semiparametric regression X t +(Z) where and (r and function, and where the variables (X, Z) are endogeneous. We propose necessary and sufficient conditions for the identification of the parameters in the presence of instrumental variables. We also focus on the estimation of . An incorrect parametrization of generally leads to an inconsistent estimator of , whereas consistent nonparametric estimators for have a slow rate of convergence. An additional complication is that the solution of the equation necessitates the inversion of a compact operator which can be estimated nonparametrically. In general this inversion is not stable, thus the estimation of is ill-posed. In this paper, a n-consistent estimator for is derived under mild assumptions. One of these assumptions is given by the socalled source condition which we explicit and interpret in the paper. Finally we show that the estimator achieves the semiparametric efficiency bound, even if the model is heteroskedastic.
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