IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/econom/v191y2016i2p302-311.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

On independence conditions in nonseparable models: Observable and unobservable instruments

Author

Listed:
  • Matzkin, Rosa L.

Abstract

This paper develops identification results employing independence conditions among unobservable variables. The independence conditions are used to derive first-stage nonseparable reduced form functions. Once constructed, these reduced form functions are employed to express the derivatives of nonseparable structural functions in terms of the derivatives of the reduced form functions. For models with simultaneity, we obtain the new results by combining the independence assumptions together with parametric specifications and exclusion restrictions. For models with triangularity, we allow all functions to be nonparametric and nonseparable in unobservable random terms. For the latter, we provide several equivalence results and discuss some of the trade-offs between observable and unobservable instruments.

Suggested Citation

  • Matzkin, Rosa L., 2016. "On independence conditions in nonseparable models: Observable and unobservable instruments," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 191(2), pages 302-311.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:econom:v:191:y:2016:i:2:p:302-311
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jeconom.2015.12.003
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304407615002791
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    File URL: https://libkey.io/10.1016/j.jeconom.2015.12.003?utm_source=ideas
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item
    ---><---

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Rosa L. Matzkin, 2007. "Nonparametric Survey Response Errors," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 48(4), pages 1411-1427, November.
    2. J. P. Florens & J. J. Heckman & C. Meghir & E. Vytlacil, 2008. "Identification of Treatment Effects Using Control Functions in Models With Continuous, Endogenous Treatment and Heterogeneous Effects," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 76(5), pages 1191-1206, September.
    3. Guido W. Imbens & Whitney K. Newey, 2009. "Identification and Estimation of Triangular Simultaneous Equations Models Without Additivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 77(5), pages 1481-1512, September.
    4. Ng, S. & Pinkse, J., 1995. "Nonparametric-two-Step Estimation of Unknown Regression Functions when the Regressors and the Regression Error Are not Independent," Cahiers de recherche 9551, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
    5. Steven T. Berry & Philip A. Haile, 2014. "Identification in Differentiated Products Markets Using Market Level Data," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 82(5), pages 1749-1797, September.
    6. Richard W. Blundell & James L. Powell, 2004. "Endogeneity in Semiparametric Binary Response Models," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 71(3), pages 655-679.
    7. S. Darolles & Y. Fan & J. P. Florens & E. Renault, 2011. "Nonparametric Instrumental Regression," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 79(5), pages 1541-1565, September.
    8. Joseph G. Altonji & Rosa L. Matzkin, 2005. "Cross Section and Panel Data Estimators for Nonseparable Models with Endogenous Regressors," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 73(4), pages 1053-1102, July.
    9. Rothe, Christoph, 2009. "Semiparametric estimation of binary response models with endogenous regressors," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 153(1), pages 51-64, November.
    10. Ma, Lingjie & Koenker, Roger, 2006. "Quantile regression methods for recursive structural equation models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 134(2), pages 471-506, October.
    11. Lewbel, Arthur, 2000. "Semiparametric qualitative response model estimation with unknown heteroscedasticity or instrumental variables," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 97(1), pages 145-177, July.
    12. Koenker,Roger, 2005. "Quantile Regression," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521845731, January.
    13. Matzkin, Rosa L., 2012. "Identification in nonparametric limited dependent variable models with simultaneity and unobserved heterogeneity," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 166(1), pages 106-115.
    14. Rosa L. Matzkin, 2003. "Nonparametric Estimation of Nonadditive Random Functions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(5), pages 1339-1375, September.
    15. Rosa L. Matzkin, 2008. "Identification in Nonparametric Simultaneous Equations Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 76(5), pages 945-978, September.
    16. Chunrong Ai & Xiaohong Chen, 2003. "Efficient Estimation of Models with Conditional Moment Restrictions Containing Unknown Functions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(6), pages 1795-1843, November.
    17. Xiaohong Chen & Demian Pouzo, 2012. "Estimation of Nonparametric Conditional Moment Models With Possibly Nonsmooth Generalized Residuals," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 80(1), pages 277-321, January.
    18. Xavier D'Haultfœuille & Philippe Février, 2015. "Identification of Nonseparable Triangular Models With Discrete Instruments," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 83(3), pages 1199-1210, May.
    19. Briesch, Richard A. & Chintagunta, Pradeep K. & Matzkin, Rosa L., 2010. "Nonparametric Discrete Choice Models With Unobserved Heterogeneity," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 28(2), pages 291-307.
    20. Xiaohong Chen & Victor Chernozhukov & Sokbae Lee & Whitney K. Newey, 2014. "Local Identification of Nonparametric and Semiparametric Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 82(2), pages 785-809, March.
    21. Whitney K. Newey & James L. Powell & Francis Vella, 1999. "Nonparametric Estimation of Triangular Simultaneous Equations Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 67(3), pages 565-604, May.
    22. Matzkin, Rosa L, 1992. "Nonparametric and Distribution-Free Estimation of the Binary Threshold Crossing and the Binary Choice Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(2), pages 239-270, March.
    23. Andrew Chesher, 2003. "Identification in Nonseparable Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(5), pages 1405-1441, September.
    24. Koenker, Roger W & Bassett, Gilbert, Jr, 1978. "Regression Quantiles," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(1), pages 33-50, January.
    25. Rosa L. Matzkin, 2013. "Nonparametric Identification in Structural Economic Models," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 5(1), pages 457-486, May.
    26. Victor Chernozhukov & Christian Hansen, 2005. "An IV Model of Quantile Treatment Effects," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 73(1), pages 245-261, January.
    27. Richard Blundell & Rosa L. Matzkin, 2014. "Control functions in nonseparable simultaneous equations models," Quantitative Economics, Econometric Society, vol. 5, pages 271-295, July.
    28. Matzkin, Rosa L., 2007. "Nonparametric identification," Handbook of Econometrics, in: J.J. Heckman & E.E. Leamer (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 6, chapter 73, Elsevier.
    29. Hausman, Jerry A., 1983. "Specification and estimation of simultaneous equation models," Handbook of Econometrics, in: Z. Griliches† & M. D. Intriligator (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 7, pages 391-448, Elsevier.
    30. Hausman, Jerry A & Taylor, William E, 1983. "Identification in Linear Simultaneous Equations Models with Covariance Restrictions: An Instrumental Variables Interpretation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 51(5), pages 1527-1549, September.
    31. Heckman, James J. & Robb, Richard Jr., 1985. "Alternative methods for evaluating the impact of interventions : An overview," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 30(1-2), pages 239-267.
    32. Whitney K. Newey & James L. Powell, 2003. "Instrumental Variable Estimation of Nonparametric Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(5), pages 1565-1578, September.
    33. Rosa L. Matzkin, 2015. "Estimation of Nonparametric Models With Simultaneity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 83, pages 1-66, January.
    34. Alexander Torgovitsky, 2015. "Identification of Nonseparable Models Using Instruments With Small Support," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 83(3), pages 1185-1197, May.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Matzkin, Rosa L., 2012. "Identification in nonparametric limited dependent variable models with simultaneity and unobserved heterogeneity," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 166(1), pages 106-115.
    2. Halbert White & Karim Chalak, 2013. "Identification and Identification Failure for Treatment Effects Using Structural Systems," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(3), pages 273-317, November.
    3. Caetano, Carolina & Rothe, Christoph & Yıldız, Neşe, 2016. "A discontinuity test for identification in triangular nonseparable models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 193(1), pages 113-122.
    4. Qi Li & Jeffrey Scott Racine, 2006. "Nonparametric Econometrics: Theory and Practice," Economics Books, Princeton University Press, edition 1, number 8355.
    5. Chernozhukov, Victor & Fernández-Val, Iván & Kowalski, Amanda E., 2015. "Quantile regression with censoring and endogeneity," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 186(1), pages 201-221.
    6. Centorrino, Samuele & Florens, Jean-Pierre, 2021. "Nonparametric Instrumental Variable Estimation of Binary Response Models with Continuous Endogenous Regressors," Econometrics and Statistics, Elsevier, vol. 17(C), pages 35-63.
    7. Victor Chernozhukov & Iván Fernández‐Val & Whitney Newey & Sami Stouli & Francis Vella, 2020. "Semiparametric estimation of structural functions in nonseparable triangular models," Quantitative Economics, Econometric Society, vol. 11(2), pages 503-533, May.
    8. Victor Chernozhukov & Christian Hansen & Kaspar Wuthrich, 2020. "Instrumental Variable Quantile Regression," Papers 2009.00436, arXiv.org.
    9. Kasy, Maximilian, "undated". "Instrumental variables with unrestricted heterogeneity and continuous treatment - DON'T CITE! SEE ERRATUM BELOW," Working Paper 33257, Harvard University OpenScholar.
    10. Blundell, Richard & Kristensen, Dennis & Matzkin, Rosa, 2014. "Bounding quantile demand functions using revealed preference inequalities," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 179(2), pages 112-127.
    11. Arthur Lewbel, 2019. "The Identification Zoo: Meanings of Identification in Econometrics," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 57(4), pages 835-903, December.
    12. Matzkin, Rosa L., 2019. "Constructive identification in some nonseparable discrete choice models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 211(1), pages 83-103.
    13. Wüthrich, Kaspar, 2019. "A closed-form estimator for quantile treatment effects with endogeneity," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 210(2), pages 219-235.
    14. Maximilian Kasy, 2014. "Instrumental Variables with Unrestricted Heterogeneity and Continuous Treatment," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 81(4), pages 1614-1636.
    15. Halbert White & Karim Chalak, 2008. "Identifying Structural Effects in Nonseparable Systems Using Covariates," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 734, Boston College Department of Economics.
    16. Roy Allen & John Rehbeck, 2020. "Identification of Random Coefficient Latent Utility Models," Papers 2003.00276, arXiv.org.
    17. D’Haultfoeuille, Xavier, 2011. "On The Completeness Condition In Nonparametric Instrumental Problems," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 27(3), pages 460-471, June.
    18. Schennach, Susanne & White, Halbert & Chalak, Karim, 2012. "Local indirect least squares and average marginal effects in nonseparable structural systems," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 166(2), pages 282-302.
    19. Rothe, Christoph, 2010. "Identification of unconditional partial effects in nonseparable models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 109(3), pages 171-174, December.
    20. Joseph G. Altonji & Hidehiko Ichimura & Taisuke Otsu, 2012. "Estimating Derivatives in Nonseparable Models With Limited Dependent Variables," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 80(4), pages 1701-1719, July.

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:econom:v:191:y:2016:i:2:p:302-311. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jeconom .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Catherine Liu (email available below). General contact details of provider: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jeconom .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.