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Tikhonov regularization for nonparametric instrumental variable estimators

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  • Gagliardini, Patrick
  • Scaillet, Olivier

Abstract

We study a Tikhonov Regularized (TiR) estimator of a functional parameter identified by conditional moment restrictions in a linear model with both exogenous and endogenous regressors. The nonparametric instrumental variable estimator is based on a minimum distance principle with penalization by the norms of the parameter and its derivatives. After showing its consistency in the Sobolev norm and uniform consistency under an embedding condition, we derive the expression of the asymptotic Mean Integrated Square Error and the rate of convergence. The optimal value of the regularization parameter is characterized in two examples. We illustrate our theoretical findings and the small sample properties with simulation results. Finally, we provide an empirical application to estimation of an Engel curve, and discuss a data driven selection procedure for the regularization parameter.

Suggested Citation

  • Gagliardini, Patrick & Scaillet, Olivier, 2012. "Tikhonov regularization for nonparametric instrumental variable estimators," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 167(1), pages 61-75.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:econom:v:167:y:2012:i:1:p:61-75
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jeconom.2011.08.006
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Fève, Frédérique & Florens, Jean-Pierre, 2014. "Non parametric analysis of panel data models with endogenous variables," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 181(2), pages 151-164.
    2. Kaspar Wüthrich, 2014. "A Comparison of two Quantile Models with Endogeneity," Diskussionsschriften dp1408, Universitaet Bern, Departement Volkswirtschaft.
    3. Florens, Jean-Pierre & Simoni, Anna, 2012. "Nonparametric estimation of an instrumental regression: A quasi-Bayesian approach based on regularized posterior," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 170(2), pages 458-475.
    4. Xiaohong Chen & Timothy Christensen, 2013. "Optimal Uniform Convergence Rates for Sieve Nonparametric Instrumental Variables Regression," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1923, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    5. Shaw Philip & Cohen Michael Andrew & Chen Tao, 2016. "Nonparametric Instrumental Variable Estimation in Practice," Journal of Econometric Methods, De Gruyter, vol. 5(1), pages 153-177, January.
    6. Xiaohong Chen & Demian Pouzo, 2008. "Estimation of Nonparametric Conditional Moment Models With Possibly Nonsmooth Generalized Residuals," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1650R, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, revised Jul 2009.
    7. Victor Chernozhukov & Whitney K. Newey & Andres Santos, 2015. "Constrained conditional moment restriction models," CeMMAP working papers CWP59/15, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    8. Karun Adusumilli & Taisuke Otsu, 2015. "Nonparametric instrumental regression with errors in variables," STICERD - Econometrics Paper Series /2015/585, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, LSE.
    9. Xiaohong Chen & Demian Pouzo, 2008. "Estimation of nonparametric conditional moment models with possibly nonsmooth moments," CeMMAP working papers CWP12/08, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    10. Babii, Andrii & Florens, Jean-Pierre, 2017. "Distribution of residuals in the nonparametric IV model with application to separability testing," TSE Working Papers 17-802, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
    11. Santos, Andres, 2011. "Instrumental variable methods for recovering continuous linear functionals," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 161(2), pages 129-146, April.
    12. Babii, Andrii, 2017. "Honest confidence sets in nonparametric IV regression and other ill-posed models," TSE Working Papers 17-803, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
    13. Breunig, Christoph, 2012. "Goodness-of-fit tests based on series estimators in nonparametric instrumental regression," Working Papers 12-13, University of Mannheim, Department of Economics.
    14. Xiaohong Chen & Timothy M. Christensen, 2013. "Optimal uniform convergence rates for sieve nonparametric instrumental variables regression," CeMMAP working papers CWP56/13, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    15. Xiaohong Chen & Demian Pouzo, 2008. "Estimation of Nonparametric Conditional Moment Models With Possibly Nonsmooth Generalized Residuals," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1650RR, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, revised Jan 2011.
    16. Xiaohong Chen & Timothy M. Christensen, 2015. "Optimal sup-norm rates, adaptivity and inference in nonparametric instrumental variables estimation," CeMMAP working papers CWP32/15, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    17. Chen, Xiaohong & Pouzo, Demian, 2008. "Estimation of Nonparametric Conditional Moment Models with Possibly Nonsmooth Moments," Working Papers 47, Yale University, Department of Economics.
    18. Xiaohong Chen & Demian Pouzo, 2008. "Estimation of Nonparametric Conditional Moment Models with Possibly Nonsmooth Moments," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1650, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, revised Oct 2008.
    19. Xiaohong Chen & Demian Pouzo, 2013. "Sieve Wald and QLR Inferences on Semi/nonparametric Conditional Moment Models," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1897RR, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, revised Nov 2014.
    20. Xiaohong Chen & Timothy Christensen, 2013. "Optimal Sup-norm Rates, Adaptivity and Inference in Nonparametric Instrumental Variables Estimation," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1923R, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, revised Apr 2015.
    21. Cazals, Catherine & Fève, Frédérique & Florens, Jean-Pierre & Simar, Léopold, 2016. "Nonparametric instrumental variables estimation for efficiency frontier," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 190(2), pages 349-359.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Nonparametric estimation; Ill-posed inverse problems; Tikhonov regularization; Endogeneity; Instrumental variable;

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • C15 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Statistical Simulation Methods: General
    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis

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