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A Spectral Method For Deconvolving A Density

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  • Carrasco, Marine
  • Florens, Jean-Pierre

Abstract

We propose a new estimator for the density of a random variable observed with an additive measurement error. This estimator is based on the spectral decomposition of the convolution operator, which is compact for an appropriate choice of reference spaces. The density is approximated by a sequence of orthonormal eigenfunctions of the convolution operator. The resulting estimator is shown to be consistent and asymptotically normal. While most estimation methods assume that the characteristic function (CF) of the error does not vanish, we relax this assumption and allow for isolated zeros. For instance, the CF of the uniform and symmetrically truncated normal distributions have isolated zeros. We show that, in the presence of zeros, the density is identified even though the convolution operator is not one-to-one. We propose two consistent estimators of the density. We apply our method to the estimation of the measurement error density of hourly income collected from survey data.

Suggested Citation

  • Carrasco, Marine & Florens, Jean-Pierre, 2011. "A Spectral Method For Deconvolving A Density," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 27(3), pages 546-581, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:etheor:v:27:y:2011:i:03:p:546-581_00
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    2. Centorrino, Samuele & Florens, Jean-Pierre, 2021. "Nonparametric Instrumental Variable Estimation of Binary Response Models with Continuous Endogenous Regressors," Econometrics and Statistics, Elsevier, vol. 17(C), pages 35-63.
    3. Jarociński, Marek & Marcet, Albert, 2019. "Priors about observables in vector autoregressions," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 209(2), pages 238-255.
    4. Yin, Zanhua & Gao, Wei & Tang, Man-Lai & Tian, Guo-Liang, 2013. "Estimation of nonparametric regression models with a mixture of Berkson and classical errors," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 83(4), pages 1151-1162.
    5. Daouia, Abdelaati & Florens, Jean-Pierre & Simar, Léopold, 2020. "Robust frontier estimation from noisy data: A Tikhonov regularization approach," Econometrics and Statistics, Elsevier, vol. 14(C), pages 1-23.
    6. Evdokimov, Kirill & White, Halbert, 2012. "Some Extensions Of A Lemma Of Kotlarski," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 28(4), pages 925-932, August.
    7. Babii, Andrii, 2020. "Honest Confidence Sets In Nonparametric Iv Regression And Other Ill-Posed Models," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 36(4), pages 658-706, August.
    8. Schennach, Susanne M., 2019. "Convolution without independence," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 211(1), pages 308-318.
    9. Gagliardini, Patrick & Scaillet, Olivier, 2012. "Tikhonov regularization for nonparametric instrumental variable estimators," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 167(1), pages 61-75.
    10. Gaillac, Christophe & Gautier, Eric, 2021. "Non Parametric Classes for Identification in Random Coefficients Models when Regressors have Limited Variation," TSE Working Papers 21-1218, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
    11. Maréchal, Pierre & Simar, Léopold & Vanhems, Anne, 2018. "A mollifier approach to the deconvolution of probability densities," TSE Working Papers 18-965, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
    12. Taisuke Otsu & Luke Taylor, 2016. "Specification testing for errors-in-variables models," STICERD - Econometrics Paper Series /2015/586, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, LSE.
    13. Daniel Wilhelm, 2015. "Identification and estimation of nonparametric panel data regressions with measurement error," CeMMAP working papers CWP34/15, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    14. Irene Botosaru, 2017. "Identifying Distributions in a Panel Model with Heteroskedasticity: An Application to Earnings Volatility," Discussion Papers dp17-11, Department of Economics, Simon Fraser University.
    15. Christophe Gaillac & Eric Gautier, 2021. "Nonparametric classes for identification in random coefficients models when regressors have limited variation," Working Papers hal-03231392, HAL.

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