IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/tse/wpaper/30543.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Robust frontier estimation from noisy data: a Tikhonov regularization approach

Author

Listed:
  • Daouia, Abdelaati
  • Florens, Jean-Pierre
  • Simar, Léopold

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to construct a robust nonparametric estimator for the production frontier. The main tool is a concept of robust regression boundary defined as a special probability-weighted moment (PWM). We first study this problem under a regression model with one-sided errors where the regression function defines the achievable maximum output, for a given level of inputs-usage, and the regression error defines the inefficiency term. Then we consider a stochastic frontier model where the regression errors are assumed to be composite. It is more realistic to assume that the actually observed outputs are contaminated by a stochastic noise. The additive regression errors in the frontier model are then composed from this noise term and the one-sided ineficiency term. In contrast to the one-sided error model, where the direct use of empirical PWMs is fruitful, the composite error problem requires a substantial different treatment based on deconvolution techniques. To ensure the identifiability of the model we can only assume an independent Gaussian noise. In doing so, the estimation of the robust PWM frontiers, including the true regression boundary, necessitates the computation of a survival function estimator from an ill-posed equation. A Tikhonov regularized solution is constructed and nonparametric frontier estimation is performed. We unravel the asymptotic behavior of the resulting frontier estimators in both one-sided and composite error models. The procedure is very easy and fast to implement. Practical guidelines to effect the necessary computations are described via a simulated example. The usefulness of the approach is discussed through two concrete data sets from the sector of Delivery Services.

Suggested Citation

  • Daouia, Abdelaati & Florens, Jean-Pierre & Simar, Léopold, 2016. "Robust frontier estimation from noisy data: a Tikhonov regularization approach," TSE Working Papers 16-665, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE), revised Jul 2018.
  • Handle: RePEc:tse:wpaper:30543
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://www.tse-fr.eu/sites/default/files/TSE/documents/doc/wp/2016/wp_tse_665.pdf
    File Function: Full text
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Abdelaati Daouia & Byeong U. Park, 2013. "On Projection-type Estimators of Multivariate Isotonic Functions," Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, Danish Society for Theoretical Statistics;Finnish Statistical Society;Norwegian Statistical Association;Swedish Statistical Association, vol. 40(2), pages 363-386, June.
    2. Léopold Simar & Valentin Zelenyuk, 2011. "Stochastic FDH/DEA estimators for frontier analysis," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 36(1), pages 1-20, August.
    3. Daouia, Abdelaati & Florens, Jean-Pierre & Simar, Léopold, 2012. "Regularization of nonparametric frontier estimators," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 168(2), pages 285-299.
    4. Daouia, Abdelaati & Simar, Léopold, 2005. "Robust nonparametric estimators of monotone boundaries," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 96(2), pages 311-331, October.
    5. Kneip, Alois & Simar, Léopold & Wilson, Paul W., 2008. "Asymptotics And Consistent Bootstraps For Dea Estimators In Nonparametric Frontier Models," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 24(6), pages 1663-1697, December.
    6. William Horrace & Christopher Parmeter, 2011. "Semiparametric deconvolution with unknown error variance," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 35(2), pages 129-141, April.
    7. Kneip, Alois & Simar, Léopold & Van Keilegom, Ingrid, 2015. "Frontier estimation in the presence of measurement error with unknown variance," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 184(2), pages 379-393.
    8. Daouia, Abdelaati & Florens, Jean-Pierre & Simar, Léopold, 2021. "Robustified Expected Maximum Production Frontiers," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 37(2), pages 346-387, April.
    9. Fève, Frédérique & Florens, Jean-Pierre, 2014. "Non parametric analysis of panel data models with endogenous variables," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 181(2), pages 151-164.
    10. Hall P. & Simar L., 2002. "Estimating a Changepoint, Boundary, or Frontier in the Presence of Observation Error," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 97, pages 523-534, June.
    11. Léopold Simar & Ingrid Keilegom & Valentin Zelenyuk, 2017. "Nonparametric least squares methods for stochastic frontier models," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 47(3), pages 189-204, June.
    12. Wheelock, David C. & Wilson, Paul W., 2008. "Non-parametric, unconditional quantile estimation for efficiency analysis with an application to Federal Reserve check processing operations," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 145(1-2), pages 209-225, July.
    13. Carrasco, Marine & Florens, Jean-Pierre & Renault, Eric, 2007. "Linear Inverse Problems in Structural Econometrics Estimation Based on Spectral Decomposition and Regularization," Handbook of Econometrics, in: J.J. Heckman & E.E. Leamer (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 6, chapter 77, Elsevier.
    14. Park, B.U. & Simar, L. & Weiner, Ch., 2000. "The Fdh Estimator For Productivity Efficiency Scores," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 16(6), pages 855-877, December.
    15. Dunker, Fabian & Florens, Jean-Pierre & Hohage, Thorsten & Johannes, Jan & Mammen, Enno, 2014. "Iterative estimation of solutions to noisy nonlinear operator equations in nonparametric instrumental regression," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 178(P3), pages 444-455.
    16. Hwang, J. H. & Park, B. U. & Ryu, W., 2002. "Limit theorems for boundary function estimators," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 59(4), pages 353-360, October.
    17. Racine, Jeffrey & Su, Liangjun & Ullah, Aman, 2014. "The Oxford Handbook of Applied Nonparametric and Semiparametric Econometrics and Statistics," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199857944, Decembrie.
    18. Meeusen, Wim & van den Broeck, Julien, 1977. "Efficiency Estimation from Cobb-Douglas Production Functions with Composed Error," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 18(2), pages 435-444, June.
    19. Daouia, Abdelaati & Girard, Stéphane & Guillou, Armelle, 2014. "A Γ-moment approach to monotonic boundary estimation," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 178(2), pages 727-740.
    20. Carrasco, Marine & Florens, Jean-Pierre, 2011. "A Spectral Method For Deconvolving A Density," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 27(3), pages 546-581, June.
    21. Hall, Peter & Park, Byeong U. & Stern, Steven E., 1998. "On Polynomial Estimators of Frontiers and Boundaries," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 66(1), pages 71-98, July.
    22. Aragon, Y. & Daouia, A. & Thomas-Agnan, C., 2005. "Nonparametric Frontier Estimation: A Conditional Quantile-Based Approach," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 21(2), pages 358-389, April.
    23. Hardle, W. & Park, B. U. & Tsybakov, A. B., 1995. "Estimation of Non-sharp Support Boundaries," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 55(2), pages 205-218, November.
    24. Schwarz, Maik & Van Bellegem, Sébastien, 2010. "Consistent density deconvolution under partially known error distribution," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 80(3-4), pages 236-241, February.
    25. Fan, Yanqin & Li, Qi & Weersink, Alfons, 1996. "Semiparametric Estimation of Stochastic Production Frontier Models," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 14(4), pages 460-468, October.
    26. Florens, Jean-Pierre & Simar, Leopold, 2005. "Parametric approximations of nonparametric frontiers," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 124(1), pages 91-116, January.
    27. Schwarz, M. & Van Bellegem, S., 2010. "Consistent density deconvolution under partially known error distribution," LIDAM Reprints ISBA 2010013, Université catholique de Louvain, Institute of Statistics, Biostatistics and Actuarial Sciences (ISBA).
    28. Kumbhakar, Subal C. & Park, Byeong U. & Simar, Leopold & Tsionas, Efthymios G., 2007. "Nonparametric stochastic frontiers: A local maximum likelihood approach," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 137(1), pages 1-27, March.
    29. Daouia, Abdelaati & Simar, Leopold, 2007. "Nonparametric efficiency analysis: A multivariate conditional quantile approach," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 140(2), pages 375-400, October.
    30. Cazals, Catherine & Florens, Jean-Pierre & Simar, Leopold, 2002. "Nonparametric frontier estimation: a robust approach," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 106(1), pages 1-25, January.
    31. Aigner, Dennis & Lovell, C. A. Knox & Schmidt, Peter, 1977. "Formulation and estimation of stochastic frontier production function models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 21-37, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Jean-Pierre Florens & Léopold Simar & Ingrid Van Keilegom, 2020. "Estimation of the Boundary of a Variable Observed With Symmetric Error," Journal of the American Statistical Association, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 115(529), pages 425-441, January.
    2. Arabmaldar, Aliasghar & Sahoo, Biresh K. & Ghiyasi, Mojtaba, 2023. "A generalized robust data envelopment analysis model based on directional distance function," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 311(2), pages 617-632.
    3. Léopold Simar & Paul W. Wilson, 2023. "Nonparametric, Stochastic Frontier Models with Multiple Inputs and Outputs," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(4), pages 1391-1403, October.
    4. Adel Hatami-Marbini & Aliasghar Arabmaldar & John Otu Asu, 2022. "Robust productivity growth and efficiency measurement with undesirable outputs: evidence from the oil industry," OR Spectrum: Quantitative Approaches in Management, Springer;Gesellschaft für Operations Research e.V., vol. 44(4), pages 1213-1254, December.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Daouia, Abdelaati & Florens, Jean-Pierre & Simar, Léopold, 2021. "Robustified Expected Maximum Production Frontiers," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 37(2), pages 346-387, April.
    2. Léopold Simar & Paul W. Wilson, 2015. "Statistical Approaches for Non-parametric Frontier Models: A Guided Tour," International Statistical Review, International Statistical Institute, vol. 83(1), pages 77-110, April.
    3. Simar, Léopold & Vanhems, Anne & Van Keilegom, Ingrid, 2016. "Unobserved heterogeneity and endogeneity in nonparametric frontier estimation," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 190(2), pages 360-373.
    4. Mike Tsionas & Valentin Zelenyuk, 2021. "Goodness-of-fit in Optimizing Models of Production: A Generalization with a Bayesian Perspective," CEPA Working Papers Series WP182021, School of Economics, University of Queensland, Australia.
    5. Caitlin O’Loughlin & Léopold Simar & Paul W. Wilson, 2023. "Methodologies for assessing government efficiency," Chapters, in: António Afonso & João Tovar Jalles & Ana Venâncio (ed.), Handbook on Public Sector Efficiency, chapter 4, pages 72-101, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    6. Girard, Stéphane & Guillou, Armelle & Stupfler, Gilles, 2013. "Frontier estimation with kernel regression on high order moments," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 116(C), pages 172-189.
    7. Martins-Filho, Carlos & Ziegelmann, Flávio Augusto & Torrent, Hudson da Silva, 2013. "Local Exponential Frontier Estimation," Brazilian Review of Econometrics, Sociedade Brasileira de Econometria - SBE, vol. 33(2), November.
    8. Abdelaati Daouia & Léopold Simar & Paul W. Wilson, 2017. "Measuring firm performance using nonparametric quantile-type distances," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(1-3), pages 156-181, March.
    9. Kneip, Alois & Simar, Léopold & Van Keilegom, Ingrid, 2015. "Frontier estimation in the presence of measurement error with unknown variance," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 184(2), pages 379-393.
    10. Simar, Léopold & Vanhems, Anne, 2012. "Probabilistic characterization of directional distances and their robust versions," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 166(2), pages 342-354.
    11. Keshvari, Abolfazl & Kuosmanen, Timo, 2013. "Stochastic non-convex envelopment of data: Applying isotonic regression to frontier estimation," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 231(2), pages 481-491.
    12. Jun Cai & William C. Horrace & Christopher F. Parmeter, 2021. "Density deconvolution with Laplace errors and unknown variance," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 56(2), pages 103-113, December.
    13. David C. Wheelock & Paul W. Wilson, 2009. "Robust, dynamic nonparametric benchmarking: the evolution of cost-productivity and efficiency among U.S. credit unions," Working Papers 2009-008, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
    14. Kuosmanen, Timo & Johnson, Andrew, 2017. "Modeling joint production of multiple outputs in StoNED: Directional distance function approach," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 262(2), pages 792-801.
    15. Léopold Simar & Valentin Zelenyuk, 2011. "Stochastic FDH/DEA estimators for frontier analysis," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 36(1), pages 1-20, August.
    16. repec:wvu:wpaper:10-09 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Sickles, Robin C. & Song, Wonho & Zelenyuk, Valentin, 2018. "Econometric Analysis of Productivity: Theory and Implementation in R," Working Papers 18-008, Rice University, Department of Economics.
    18. Christopher F. Parmeter & Valentin Zelenyuk, 2019. "Combining the Virtues of Stochastic Frontier and Data Envelopment Analysis," Operations Research, INFORMS, vol. 67(6), pages 1628-1658, November.
    19. Daouia, Abdelaati & Laurent, Thibault & Noh, Hohsuk, 2017. "npbr: A Package for Nonparametric Boundary Regression in R," Journal of Statistical Software, Foundation for Open Access Statistics, vol. 79(i09).
    20. Léopold Simar & Paul W. Wilson, 2023. "Nonparametric, Stochastic Frontier Models with Multiple Inputs and Outputs," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(4), pages 1391-1403, October.
    21. Bao Hoang Nguyen & Valentin Zelenyuk, 2020. "Robust efficiency analysis of public hospitals in Queensland, Australia," CEPA Working Papers Series WP052020, School of Economics, University of Queensland, Australia.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Deconvolution; Nonparametric estimation; Probability-weighted moment; Production function; Robustness; Stochastic frontier; Tikhonov regularization;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C1 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General
    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • C49 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Other

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:tse:wpaper:30543. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: the person in charge (email available below). General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/tsetofr.html .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.