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On Representative Trust

Author

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  • Bellemare, C.

    (Tilburg University, Center For Economic Research)

  • Kroger, S.

    (Tilburg University, Center For Economic Research)

Abstract

Because of its relation to economic growth, there is a policy interest in measuring social capital and average trust as its currently most important proxy.In this paper we measure societal trust and trustworthiness by combining the virtues of laboratory experiments and survey data and present results from an economic experiment conducted using a representative sample of the Dutch population.By combining both types of data, we are able investigate the determinants of trust and trustworthiness at the population level, to contrast the inferences which can be made on trust propensity using stated and revealed measures, and to test for self-selection bias through voluntary participation in the experiment.Our results can briey be summarized as follows.Contrary to existing laboratory based experiments, we find that stated trust measures correlate with experimental trust.The effect of education and religion is shown to be depend enormously on the trust measure used.We find that the age and education profiles of experimental trust are the complete opposite of those of trustworthiness, which contrast with the findings of the social capital literature.Finally, we do not find evidence of a participation selectivity bias, which is a serious concern for laboratory experiments which rely almost exclusively on volunteer participants.

Suggested Citation

  • Bellemare, C. & Kroger, S., 2003. "On Representative Trust," Discussion Paper 2003-47, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:tiu:tiucen:5b4c2638-b100-4442-8afa-5c780e8d5f18
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Bellemare, Charles & Kroger, Sabine, 2007. "On representative social capital," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 51(1), pages 183-202, January.
    2. Ashraf, Nava & Bohnet, Iris & Piankov, Nikita, 2003. "Is Trust a Bad Investment?," Working Paper Series rwp03-047, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government.
    3. Beugelsdijk, Sjoerd & van Schaik, Ton, 2005. "Social capital and growth in European regions: an empirical test," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 301-324, June.
    4. Johnson, Noel D. & Mislin, Alexandra A., 2011. "Trust games: A meta-analysis," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 32(5), pages 865-889.
    5. Ermisch, John & Gambetta, Diego, 2006. "People's trust: the design of a survey-based experiment," ISER Working Paper Series 2006-34, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
    6. Antoni Bosch-Domenech & Rosemarie Nagel & Juan Sanchez-Andres, 2005. "Social capabilities preserved in alzheimer patients," Artefactual Field Experiments 00012, The Field Experiments Website.
    7. Antoni Bosch-Domènech & Rosemarie Nagel & Juan Vicente Sánchez-Andrés, 2007. "Social capabilities in Alzheimer’s patients," Economics Working Papers 1020, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
    8. Alvin Etang Ndip & David Fielding & Stephen Knowles, 2007. "Survey Trust, Experimental Trust and ROSCA Membership in Rural Cameroon," Working Papers 0713, University of Otago, Department of Economics, revised Nov 2007.
    9. Gachter, Simon & Herrmann, Benedikt & Thoni, Christian, 2004. "Trust, voluntary cooperation, and socio-economic background: survey and experimental evidence," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 55(4), pages 505-531, December.
    10. Abigail Barr, 2004. "Rational and Biased Trust," Development and Comp Systems 0409068, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Papa Stefano, 2011. "Oltre l’egoismo: L’approccio comportamentale alle preferenze," wp.comunite 0077, Department of Communication, University of Teramo.
    12. Fehr, Ernst & Schmidt, Klaus M., 2005. "The Economics of Fairness, Reciprocity and Altruism – Experimental Evidence and New Theories," Discussion Paper Series of SFB/TR 15 Governance and the Efficiency of Economic Systems 66, Free University of Berlin, Humboldt University of Berlin, University of Bonn, University of Mannheim, University of Munich.
    13. Papa Stefano, 2011. "Come misurare fiducia, reciprocità e altruismo," wp.comunite 0078, Department of Communication, University of Teramo.
    14. Lisa R. Anderson & Jennifer M. Mellor & Jeffrey Milyo, 2005. "An Experimental Study of the Effects of Inequality and Relative Deprivation on Trusting Behavior," Working Papers 14, Department of Economics, College of William and Mary.
    15. Matthias Sutter & Martin Kocher, 2004. "Age And The Development Of Trust And Reciprocity," Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2004 105, Royal Economic Society.
    16. Holm, Håkan & Nystedt, Paul, 2005. "Trust in surveys and games - a matter of money and location?," Working Papers 2005:26, Lund University, Department of Economics, revised 15 Aug 2005.
    17. Falk, Armin & Fehr, Ernst, 2003. "Why labour market experiments?," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 399-406, August.
    18. Rachel Croson & Uri Gneezy, 2009. "Gender Differences in Preferences," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 47(2), pages 448-474, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    trusts; economic growth; policy; education; religion; Netherlands;

    JEL classification:

    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification
    • C10 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - General
    • C90 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - General

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