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Turkiye Imalat Sanayiin Ithalat Yapisi

  • Seref Saygili
  • Cengiz Cihan
  • Cihan Yalcin
  • Turknur Hamsici

Bu calisma, Turkiye imalat sanayiinde ithal girdi kullanimini artiran faktorleri arastirmaktadir. Bu amacla, buyuk olcekli 145 firmaya uygulanan anket yoluyla firmalarin ara ve yatirim mali ithalatina yonelmelerinin artan oranda ithal ara ve yatirim mali kullanmasi, ve(ii) sanayinin uretim yapisinin ithal girdi kullanim orani daha yuksek olan sektorler lehine degismesidir. Birinci faktorle ilgili olarak, bazi temel ara ve yatirim mallarinda yurt içi uretim miktarinin yeterli duzeyde olmamasi, Cin ve Hindistan gibi ulkelerden daha ucuza temin imkani, dis ticaret rejimi (dahilde isleme rejimi ve Gumruk Birligi), doviz kurunun gelisimi, kaliteli ara ve yatirim mali kullanma ihtiyaci, kuresel uretim aglari (dikey uzmanlasma yapilari) ve yabanci sermayeli sirketlerin orgutlenme yapilari ile yurt disi kredi imkaninin firmalarin ithalat kararlarini etkiledigi tespit edilmistir. Ikinci faktöre yönelik olarak ise yeni uzmanlasma yapisinda one cikan (hizli buyuyen) sektorlerde (motorlu kara tasitlari, diger ulasim araclari, elektrikli makine, ana metal gibi) ithal girdi kullanim oranlarinin geleneksel emek-yogun sektorlerden daha yuksek oldugu ve sektorel uretim yapisindaki degisimin sanayi genelinde ithal girdi kullanim oranini artirdigi ortaya konulmustur.

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Paper provided by Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey in its series Working Papers with number 1002.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:tcb:wpaper:1002
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