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Competitiveness, Scale and R&D

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  • Jan Fagerberg

    (Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo)

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between competitiveness, scale and R&D with the held of OECD databases and the ongoing work in the OECD on embodied technology flows. The analysis is based on data for ten OECD counteies and 22 industries in 1985. The results suggest that both direct R&D and R&D acquired indirectly through purchase of capital goods and intermediates have a significant, positive impact on competitiveness. Indirrect R&D from domestic sources appears to be more conducive to competitiveness than indirect R&D from aboard. On average the total (direct and indirect) impact of a given investment in R&D on exports is about twice as large as the impact of an investment of similar size in physical capital. The impact of R&D investment appears to be especially high in large countries and R&D intensive industries.

Suggested Citation

  • Jan Fagerberg, 1996. "Competitiveness, Scale and R&D," Working Papers Archives 1996545, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo.
  • Handle: RePEc:tik:wparch:1996545
    Note: Originally published as NUPI working paper no.545, March 1996
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    File URL: http://www.tik.uio.no/InnoWP/archive/wpno545-1996.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Carlin, Wendy & Glyn, Andrew & Van Reenen, John, 2001. "Export Market Performance of OECD Countries: An Empirical Examination of the Role of Cost Competitiveness," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 111(468), pages 128-162, January.
    2. Nicolov Mirela, 2013. "Analysis Of The Intelectual Development And Evolution Of Research Systems In European Research Area In The Last Decade," Annals of Faculty of Economics, University of Oradea, Faculty of Economics, vol. 1(2), pages 219-228, December.
    3. Martin Srholec, 2007. "High-Tech Exports from Developing Countries: A Symptom of Technology Spurts or Statistical Illusion?," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 143(2), pages 227-255, July.
    4. Seref Saygili & Cengiz Cihan & Cihan Yalcin & Turknur Hamsici, 2010. "Turkiye Imalat Sanayiin Ithalat Yapisi," Working Papers 1002, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
    5. Gustavsson, Patrik, 2002. "The Dynamics of European Industrial Structure," Working Paper Series 176, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.
    6. Jakob B. Madsen, 2004. "Technological Revolutions, Innovations, and Trade Performance," EPRU Working Paper Series 04-12, Economic Policy Research Unit (EPRU), University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
    7. Márquez-Ramos, Laura & Martínez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada, 2009. "The effect of technological innovation on international trade: a nonlinear approach," Economics Discussion Papers 2009-24, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    8. Rinaldo Evangelista & Matteo Lucchese & Valentina Meliciani, 2013. "The contribution of Business services to the export performances of manufacturing industries. An empirical study on 5 European countries," Working Papers 14, Birkbeck Centre for Innovation Management Research, revised Nov 2013.
    9. Peter Maskell, 1996. "Localised Low-tech Learning in the Furniture Industry," DRUID Working Papers 96-11, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
    10. Simona Iammarino & Grazia D. Santangelo, 2001. "The Evolution of Trade and Technological in the Italian regions," ERSA conference papers ersa01p243, European Regional Science Association.
    11. Jan Fagerberg & Martin Srholec, 2004. "Structural Changes in International Trade. Cause, Impact and Response," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 55(6), pages 1071-1097.
    12. Peter Maskell, 1996. "Learning in the Village Economy of Denmark. The role of Institutions and Policy in Sustaining Competitiveness," DRUID Working Papers 96-6, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
    13. Laura Márquez-Ramos & Inmaculada Martinez-Zarzoso, 2011. "The effect of country absorptive capacity on exports: A panel data analysis," ERSA conference papers ersa10p1476, European Regional Science Association.
    14. Silva, Dayratna, 2000. "An Empirical Assessment of the ‘International Competitiveness’ of the Australian Processed Food Industry," 2000 Conference (44th), January 23-25, 2000, Sydney, Australia 123731, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.

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