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Technology, Resource Endowments and International Competitiveness

Author

Listed:
  • Gustavsson, Patrik

    (Stockholm School of Economics and FIEF)

  • Hansson, Pär

    (Trade Union Institute for Economic Research)

  • Lundberg, Lars

    (Trade Union Institute for Economic Research)

Abstract

The paper evaluates the impact of technology together with resource endowments and economies of scale on international competitiveness in OECD countries. Knowledge capital stocks are obtained by cumulating R&D expenditure. Results show that competitiveness is determined not only by the R&D activity of the representative firm, but also by the size of domestic industry as well as economy wide stocks of knowledge, indicating the presence of local externalities. Further results point to the importance of economies of scale in R&D internal to the firm and of investment for introduction of embodied technical progress. Finally, the R&D impact differs between high- and low-tech industries as well as among countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Gustavsson, Patrik & Hansson, Pär & Lundberg, Lars, 1996. "Technology, Resource Endowments and International Competitiveness," Working Paper Series 138, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:fiefwp:0138
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    international competitiveness; technology gap; knowledge stock; R&D; disembodied and embodied technical change;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D

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