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Subjektive Daten in der empirischen Wirtschaftsforschung: Probleme und Perspektiven

Author

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  • Rainer Winkelmann

    () (Socioeconomic Institute, University of Zurich)

Abstract

Preise, Einkommen, und Nachfrage � die zentralen zu erklaerenden Variablen in den Wirtschaftswissenschaften sind objektiv messbar. Daneben gibt es jedoch zwei nicht minder zentrale Groessen, Erwartungen und Praeferenzen, die sich einer direkten objektiven Messung entziehen. Es sind subjektive Variablen, also solche, die von persoenlichen Meinungen und Erfahrungen bestimmt sind. Allerdings bedeutet dies nicht, dass sie ueberhaupt nicht messbar waeren. Ganz im Gegenteil enthalten typische Haushaltsbefragungen eine ganze Reihe von subjektiven Fragen, die ueber verschiedene Aspekte von Erwartungs- und Praeferenzbildung informieren. Im folgenden werde ich darstellen, welche Arten von subjektiven Variablen bisher in der empirischen Wirtschaftsforschung betrachtet wurden. Dann werde ich auf Probleme bei der Interpretation von subjektiven Variablen eingehen. Und schliesslich werde ich die wesentlichen Aspekte der oekonometrischen Modellbildung besprechen und zwei neue Modelle vorstellen.

Suggested Citation

  • Rainer Winkelmann, 2002. "Subjektive Daten in der empirischen Wirtschaftsforschung: Probleme und Perspektiven," SOI - Working Papers 0207, Socioeconomic Institute - University of Zurich, revised Jul 2002.
  • Handle: RePEc:soz:wpaper:0207
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    File URL: http://www.econ.uzh.ch/static/wp_soi/wp0207.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Stefan Buehler & Justus Haucap, 2004. "Mobile Number Portability," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 4(3), pages 223-238, September.
    2. Buehler Stefan & Schmutzler Armin, 2005. "Asymmetric Vertical Integration," The B.E. Journal of Theoretical Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 5(1), pages 1-27, January.
    3. Buehler, Stefan & Haucap, Justus, 2006. "Strategic outsourcing revisited," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 61(3), pages 325-338, November.
    4. Hans Gersbach & Armin Schmutzler, 2004. "Globalization and General Worker Training," SOI - Working Papers 0403, Socioeconomic Institute - University of Zurich.
    5. Polk, Andreas & Schmutzler, Armin, 2005. "Lobbying against environmental regulation vs. lobbying for loopholes," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 21(4), pages 915-931, December.
    6. Michael Breuer, 2004. "Optimal Insurance Contracts without the Non-Negativity Constraint on Indemnities Revisited," SOI - Working Papers 0406, Socioeconomic Institute - University of Zurich.
    7. Harry Telser & Karolin Becker & Peter Zweifel, 2004. "Validity and Reliability of Willingness-to-Pay Estimates: Evidence from Two Overlapping Discrete-Choice Experiments," SOI - Working Papers 0412, Socioeconomic Institute - University of Zurich, revised Mar 2008.
    8. Michael Breuer, 2003. "Multiple Losses, Ex-Ante Moral Hazard, and the Non-Optimality of the Standard Insurance Contract," SOI - Working Papers 0302, Socioeconomic Institute - University of Zurich, revised Apr 2003.
    9. Stefan Buehler & Armin Schmutzler, 2005. "On The Role of Access Charges Under Network Competition," SOI - Working Papers 0501, Socioeconomic Institute - University of Zurich.
    10. Michael Breuer, 2004. "Deductible or Co-Insurance: Which is the Better Insurance Contract under Adverse Selection?," SOI - Working Papers 0401, Socioeconomic Institute - University of Zurich, revised Oct 2004.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    preferences; expectations; econometric modelling; subjective variables;

    JEL classification:

    • C1 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General
    • C8 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs

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