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Endogenous Technical Change in Alternative Theories of Growth and Distribution

Author

Listed:
  • Daniele Tavani

    (Department of Economics, Colorado State University.)

  • Luca Zamparelli

    (Department of Social Sciences and Economics, Sapienza University of Rome)

Abstract

This paper surveys the last two and a half decades of non-neoclassical literature on endogenous technical change and the factor distribution of income. The implications of classical- Marxian and post-Keynesian contributions are compared with neoclassical exogenous and endogenous growth theories. We find the comparison illuminating in several respects: despite the strong differences in the assumptions regarding the substitutability between capital and labor, the role of different classes in society, and whether or not productive factors are fully employed, the various alternative models can be classified in a way that highlights remarkable similarities with their neoclassical counterparts. Both neoclassical and alternative theories of endogenous growth: (i) have shown that long-run growth is sensitive to investment decisions; (ii) rely on a linear spillover from the stock of knowledge to the production of innovations, and (iii) match the Kaldor facts in the long run. The comparison allows to evaluate competing theories by looking at the different channels they emphasize: saving behavior and market structure in the neoclassical theories, as opposed to income distribution, the state of the labor market, and investors’ behavior in alternative theories.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniele Tavani & Luca Zamparelli, 2017. "Endogenous Technical Change in Alternative Theories of Growth and Distribution," Working Papers 1/17, Sapienza University of Rome, DISS.
  • Handle: RePEc:saq:wpaper:1/17
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Endogenous technical change; neoclassical growth; alternative theories; income distribution.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • B50 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - General
    • D33 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Factor Income Distribution
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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