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The Determinants of African Tourism

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  • Johan Fourie
  • Maria Santana-Gallego

Abstract

Using a standard panel gravity equation of 175 origin/destination countries between 1995 and 2008, 37 of which are African, we identify the factors that drive African-inbound (arrivals to Africa from other continents) and within-African tourism (arrivals from and to an African country). We find that the determinants of African-inbound and within-African tourism are not all that different from global tourism flows; repeat tourism, income, distance, land area and the standard dummy variables not only drives global or OECD tourism, but also tourism within Africa, disproving the belief that African tourists "differ substantially". Not only does the growth in tourism over the last decade provide encouraging signs for the continent, but these results show that policy makers can now play an active role in promoting African tourism, both from outside but especially from within the continent's borders.

Suggested Citation

  • Johan Fourie & Maria Santana-Gallego, 2011. "The Determinants of African Tourism," Working Papers 260, Economic Research Southern Africa.
  • Handle: RePEc:rza:wpaper:260
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Tourism in Africa
      by Johan Fourie in Johan Fourie's Blog on 2012-03-08 00:54:36
    2. African tourism
      by Johan Fourie in Johan Fourie's Blog on 2012-04-14 15:39:50
    3. Counting tourists
      by Johan Fourie in Johan Fourie's Blog on 2012-08-31 12:20:30
    4. Explaining African tourism
      by Johan Fourie in Johan Fourie's Blog on 2012-04-14 15:39:50

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Galli, Paolo & Fraga, Carla & de Sequeira Santos, Marcio Peixoto, 2016. "Gravitational force exerted by Brazilian tourist destinations on foreign air travelers," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 76-83.
    2. Alexander Culiuc, 2014. "Determinants of International Tourism," IMF Working Papers 14/82, International Monetary Fund.
    3. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:7:p:2235-:d:155166 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:eco:journ1:2017-06-14 is not listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    sub-Saharan; Africa; gravity model; cause; trade; VFR;

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