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The Green Logistics Impact on International Trade: Evidence from Developed and Developing Countries

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  • Dong-Fang Wang

    () (School of Economic and Management, Chang’an University, Middle Section of South Second Ring Road, Xi’an 710064, China
    School of Business, Wuyi University, 358 Baihua Road, Wuyishan 354300, China)

  • Qian-Li Dong

    () (School of Economic and Management, Chang’an University, Middle Section of South Second Ring Road, Xi’an 710064, China)

  • Zhi-Min Peng

    () (School of Economic and Management, Chang’an University, Middle Section of South Second Ring Road, Xi’an 710064, China)

  • Syed Abdul Rehman Khan

    () (School of Economic and Management, Chang’an University, Middle Section of South Second Ring Road, Xi’an 710064, China)

  • Arthur Tarasov

    () (School of Business, Wuyi University, 358 Baihua Road, Wuyishan 354300, China)

Abstract

Economic globalization promotes industrial division and forms a large stream of products between countries all over the world, which leads to serious environmental problems. The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between green logistics and international trade. Heckman’s two-stage procedure is employed to estimate an augmented gravity model that specifically includes green logistics variables with the data of 113 countries and regions over the period between 2007–2014. The findings show that the logistics performance index (LPI) of exporting and importing countries are positively correlated with trade volume, and that the LPI of exporting countries positively affects trade probability. Taking the entire sample into account, the green logistics performance of exporting countries positively affects export probability and volume. For trade flows between developing–developing countries, developed–developed countries, and developed–developing countries, the green logistics performance of importing countries has a negative impact on the export volume of exporting countries. In terms of trade flow between developing–developed countries, the green logistics performance of importing countries has a negative impact on export probability and a positive impact on export volume. The present research results will assist governments and exporters in understanding the relationship between green logistics and international trade, and help improve their policies and green operations toward sustainable development.

Suggested Citation

  • Dong-Fang Wang & Qian-Li Dong & Zhi-Min Peng & Syed Abdul Rehman Khan & Arthur Tarasov, 2018. "The Green Logistics Impact on International Trade: Evidence from Developed and Developing Countries," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(7), pages 1-19, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:7:p:2235-:d:155166
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Yujing Wang & Fu Ren & Ruoxin Zhu & Qingyun Du, 2020. "An Exploratory Analysis of Networked and Spatial Characteristics of International Natural Resource Trades (2000–2016)," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(18), pages 1-34, September.
    2. Daeheon Choi & Chune Young Chung & Jason Young, 2019. "Are Economic Distance and Geographic Remoteness Important in Sustainable Trade? Evidence from the Bilateral Trade between China and Kazakhstan," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(21), pages 1-20, November.
    3. Bing Qing Tan & Fangfang Wang & Jia Liu & Kai Kang & Federica Costa, 2020. "A Blockchain-Based Framework for Green Logistics in Supply Chains," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(11), pages 1-13, June.
    4. Vitor W. B. Martins & Rosley Anholon & Osvaldo L. G. Quelhas & Walter Leal Filho, 2019. "Sustainable Practices in Logistics Systems: An Overview of Companies in Brazil," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(15), pages 1-12, July.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    green logistics; international trade; Heckman two-stage procedure; augmented gravity model;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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