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The Economics of Participation and Time Spent in Physical Activity

Author

Listed:
  • Humphreys, Brad

    () (University of Alberta, Department of Economics)

  • Ruseski, Jane

    () (University of Alberta, Department of Economics)

Abstract

This paper examines the economics of participation in physical activity by developing a consumer choice model of participation and estimating it using data drawn from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (BRFSS). Both emphasize that individuals face two distinct decisions: (1) should I participate; and (2) how much time should I spend participating? The results indicate that economic factors like income and opportunity cost of time are important determinants of physical activity and that physical activity is a normal good. Individual characteristics also play an important role in determining the amount of time spent in physical activity. Participation and time spent decline with age. Females, married people, households with children, blacks and hispanics all spend less time engaged in physical activity than males, single people, childless households and whites. Public policy interventions aimed at improving physical activity of Americans targeted to specific sub-populations are likely to be more effective than broad-based policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Humphreys, Brad & Ruseski, Jane, 2009. "The Economics of Participation and Time Spent in Physical Activity," Working Papers 2009-9, University of Alberta, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:albaec:2009_009
    as

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    File URL: https://sites.ualberta.ca/~econwps/2009/wp2009-09.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Lechner, Michael & Sari, Nazmi, 2015. "Labor market effects of sports and exercise: Evidence from Canadian panel data," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 1-15.
    2. Huang, Haifang & Humphreys, Brad R., 2012. "Sports participation and happiness: Evidence from US microdata," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 776-793.
    3. repec:kap:jculte:v:41:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s10824-016-9275-8 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Pawel Strawinski, 2011. "Economic determinants of sport participation in Poland," Rivista di Diritto ed Economia dello Sport, Centro di diritto e business dello Sport, vol. 6(3), pages 55-76, Febbraio.
    5. Virpi Kuvaja-Köllner & Hannu Valtonen & Pirjo Komulainen & Maija Hassinen & Rainer Rauramaa, 2013. "The impact of time cost of physical exercise on health outcomes by older adults: the DR’s EXTRA Study," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer;Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gesundheitsökonomie (DGGÖ), vol. 14(3), pages 471-479, June.
    6. repec:eee:spomar:v:20:y:2017:i:5:p:455-467 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Sandrine Poupaux & Christoph Breuer, 2009. "Does higher sport supply lead to higher sport demand? A city level analysis," Working Papers 0905, International Association of Sports Economists;North American Association of Sports Economists.
    8. Brad R. Humphreys & Jane E. Ruseski, 2015. "The Economic Choice of Participation and Time Spent in Physical Activity and Sport in Canada," International Journal of Sport Finance, Fitness Information Technology, vol. 10(2), pages 138-159, May.
    9. Brown, Heather & Roberts, Jennifer, 2011. "Exercising choice: The economic determinants of physical activity behaviour of an employed population," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 73(3), pages 383-390, August.
    10. Caruso, Raul, 2011. "Crime and sport participation: Evidence from Italian regions over the period 1997–2003," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 40(5), pages 455-463.
    11. Thiago Sa & Leandro Garcia & Rafael Claro, 2014. "Frequency, distribution and time trends of types of leisure-time physical activity in Brazil, 2006–2012," International Journal of Public Health, Springer;Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+), vol. 59(6), pages 975-982, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    time allocation; physical activity; sport participation;

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism

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