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Do Former College Athletes Earn More at Work? A Nonparametric Assessment

  • Henderson, Daniel J.

    ()

    (University of Alabama)

  • Olbrecht, Alexandre

    ()

    (Ramapo College of New Jersey)

  • Polachek, Solomon

    ()

    (Binghamton University, New York)

This paper investigates how students' collegiate athletic participation affects their subsequent labor market success. It uses newly developed distributional tests to establish that the wage distribution of former college athletes is significantly different from non-athletes and that athletic participation is a significant determinant of wages. Additionally, by using newly developed techniques in nonparametric regression, it shows that on average former college athletes earn a wage premium. However, the premium is not uniform, but skewed so that more than half the athletes actually earn less than non-athletes. Further, the premium is not uniform across occupations. Athletes earn more in the fields of business, military, and manual labor, but surprisingly, athletes are more likely to become high school teachers, which pays a relatively lower wage to athletes. We conclude that nonpecuniary factors play an important role in occupational choice, at least for many former collegiate athletes.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 1882.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2005
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Journal of Human Resources, 2006, 41(3), 558-577
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp1882
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  1. Forrest D. Nelson, 1976. "On a General Computer Algorithm for the Analysis of Models with Limited Dependent Variables," NBER Chapters, in: Annals of Economic and Social Measurement, Volume 5, number 4, pages 493-509 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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