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The Economic Choice of Participation and Time Spent in Physical Activity and Sport in Canada

Author

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  • Brad R. Humphreys

    () (West Virginia University)

  • Jane E. Ruseski

    () (West Virginia University)

Abstract

Canadian Sport Policy calls for an increase in the number and diversity of Canadians participating in sport between 2012-2022 (Canadian Sport Policy, 2012). Understanding the determinants of physical activity and sport participation is central to achieving this objective. We estimate double hurdle models to analyze the individual determinants of physical activity in Canada. Separate consideration of participation and time spent decisions is important for untangling the effects of income, age, gender, and family structure on choices. Income is positively associated with participation in swimming, golfing, weight lifting, and running. Time spent walking, exercising at home, golfing, weight lifting, and running decreases with income. Wage rates are generally positively associated with participation and time spent.

Suggested Citation

  • Brad R. Humphreys & Jane E. Ruseski, 2015. "The Economic Choice of Participation and Time Spent in Physical Activity and Sport in Canada," International Journal of Sport Finance, Fitness Information Technology, vol. 10(2), pages 138-159, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:jsf:intjsf:v:10:y:2015:i:2:p:138-159
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Lechner, Michael & Sari, Nazmi, 2015. "Labor market effects of sports and exercise: Evidence from Canadian panel data," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 1-15.
    2. Downward, Paul & Rasciute, Simona, 2016. "‘No man is an island entire of itself.’ The hidden effect of peers on physical activity," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 169(C), pages 149-156.
    3. Wicker, Pamela & Hallmann, Kirstin & Breuer, Christoph, 2013. "Analyzing the impact of sport infrastructure on sport participation using geo-coded data: Evidence from multi-level models," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 54-67.
    4. repec:spr:schmbr:v:70:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s41464-017-0044-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Pawel Strawinski, 2011. "Economic determinants of sport participation in Poland," Rivista di Diritto ed Economia dello Sport, Centro di diritto e business dello Sport, vol. 6(3), pages 55-76, Febbraio.
    6. Ross Booth & Michael A. Leeds, 2013. "Participation in women’s sport in Australia," Chapters,in: Handbook on the Economics of Women in Sports, chapter 2, pages 40-55 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    7. Cabane Charlotte & Lechner Michael, 2015. "Physical Activity of Adults: A Survey of Correlates, Determinants, and Effects," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 235(4-5), pages 376-402, August.
    8. repec:eee:spomar:v:20:y:2017:i:5:p:455-467 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Michael Lechner & Paul Downward, 2017. "Heterogeneous sports participation and labour market outcomes in England," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(4), pages 335-348, January.
    10. Sari, Nazmi & Lechner, Michael, 2015. "Long-run health effects of sports and exercise in Canada," Economics Working Paper Series 1520, University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science.
    11. O’Reilly, Norm & Berger, Ida E. & Hernandez, Tony & Parent, Milena M. & Séguin, Benoit, 2015. "Urban sportscapes: An environmental deterministic perspective on the management of youth sport participation," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 291-307.
    12. Lera-López, Fernando & Suárez, María José, 2012. "Deporte activo y pasivo: ¿Una relación de conveniencia?/Active and Passive Sport: Is it a Marriage of Convenience?," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 30, pages 489-512, Agosto.
    13. Downward, Paul & Lera-Lopez, Fernando & Rasciute, Simona, 2011. "The Zero-Inflated ordered probit approach to modelling sports participation," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(6), pages 2469-2477.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    participation in physical activity; sport policy; time allocation; opportunity cost of time; double hurdle;

    JEL classification:

    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism

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