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Gender quotas or girls' networks? Towards an understanding of recruitment in the research profession in Italy

Author

Listed:
  • Daniele Checchi

    () (University of Milan, Italy)

  • Simona Cicognani

    () (Department of Economics, University of Verona, Italy; The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis)

  • Nevena Kulic

    () (Department of Political and Social Sciences, European University Institute, Italy)

Abstract

This article investigates the role of the gender composition of selection committees and networks in promoting women in research activities. We exploit a novel data set on recruitment processes at entry-level research positions in a leading Italian research centre that mainly operates in hard science. We find some evidence of discrimination against women at non-tenured entry levels, which is attenuated (or even reversed) by the presence of a woman on the selection committee. However, the most important predictor for recruitment seems to be previous connections with the research centre, which also serves as an important mechanism for women to enter the research profession. We conclude that quotas could be a solution for gender-biased preferences towards same-sex candidates in selection committees for non-tenure-track positions. Moreover, more gender-neutral networks would be another mechanism to bring more equality between men and women in research.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniele Checchi & Simona Cicognani & Nevena Kulic, 2017. "Gender quotas or girls' networks? Towards an understanding of recruitment in the research profession in Italy," Working Paper series 17-16, Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.
  • Handle: RePEc:rim:rimwps:17-16
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    Cited by:

    1. Zacchia, Giulia, 2016. "Segregation or homologation? Gender differences in recent Italian economic thought," MPRA Paper 72279, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Marcella Corsi & Carlo D'Ippoliti & Giulia Zacchia, 2017. "Gendered careers: women economists in Italy," Working Papers CEB 17-003, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gender quotas; Discrimination; Research recruitment; Connections;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
    • J45 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Public Sector Labor Markets

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