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Scientific productivity and academic promotion: a study on French and Italian physicists

Listed author(s):
  • Francesco Lissoni

    (GREThA - Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée - Université Montesquieu - Bordeaux 4 - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Jacques Mairesse

    (CREST - Centre de Recherche en Économie et Statistique - INSEE - ENSAE ParisTech - École Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Administration Économique)

  • Fabio Montobbio

    (KiTES - Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology studies - Università Bocconi)

  • Michele Pezzoni

    (KiTES - Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology studies - Università Bocconi)

The paper examines the determinants of scientific productivity (number of articles and journals' impact factor) for a panel of about 3600 French and Italian academic physicists active in 2004-05. Endogeneity problems concerning promotion and productivity are addressed by specifying a generalized Tobit model, in which a selection probit equation accounts for the individual scientist's probability of promotion to her present rank, and a productivity regression estimates the effects of age, gender, cohort of entry, and collaboration characteristics, conditional on the scientist's rank. We find that the size and international nature of collaborative projects and co-authors' past productivity have very significant impacts on current productivity, while age and gender, and past productivity are also influential determinants of both productivity and probability of promotion. Furthermore we show that the stop-and-go policies of recruitment and promotion, typical of the Italian and French centralized academic systems of governance, can leave significant long-lasting cohort effects on research productivity.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-00779708.

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Date of creation: 2011
Publication status: Published in Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2011, 20 (1), pp.253-294
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00779708
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00779708
Contact details of provider: Web page: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

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