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Measuring the Natural Interest Rate for the Peruvian Economy

Author

Listed:
  • Paul Castillo

    () (Central bank of Peru)

  • Carlos Montoro

    () (Central bank of Peru)

  • Vicente Tuesta

    () (Central bank of Peru)

Abstract

Since the adoption of the fully-fledged inflation targeting (IT) regime by an important group of central banks, a measure of both the potential output and the natural interest rate have become one of the main concerns of the research agenda. Estimation of the natural interest rate (NIR) is crucial to capture the stance of the monetary policy. In particular, the gap between the instrument rate of the Central Bank and the NIR can be a useful guideline for the position of the monetary policy and can also help to rationalize policy decisions. In this paper we estimate the NIR for the Peruvian Economy. We do so by applying the Kalman Filter to a semi-structural small open economy model with Peruvian data during he sample 1994-2005. Overall, our findings show a persistent reduction on the Peruvian NIR since 1999, which is related to an improvement on the terms of trade and a reduction on the international interest rate. Moreover, the estimated gap shows a loose monetary impulse between 1994 and 1997, tight between 1998 and 2001, and slightly loose between 2002-2005. Finally, the variance decomposition shows that 25 percent of fluctuations in the gap are explained by fluctuations in the NIR. According to this, a time-fixed NIR would give a quite imprecise measure of monetary policy stance.

Suggested Citation

  • Paul Castillo & Carlos Montoro & Vicente Tuesta, 2006. "Measuring the Natural Interest Rate for the Peruvian Economy," Working Papers 2006-003, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbp:wpaper:2006-003
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Eliana González & Luis F. Melo & Luis E. Rojas & Brayan Rojas, 2011. "Estimations of the Natural Rate of Interest in Colombia," Money Affairs, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, vol. 0(1), pages 33-75, January-J.
    2. Andrés González & Segio Ocampo & Julián Pérez & Diego Rodríguez, 2013. "Output Gap and Neutral Interest Measures of Colombia," Monetaria, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, vol. 0(2), pages 231-286, July-Dece.
    3. Nicolas E Magud & Evridiki Tsounta, 2012. "To Cut or Not to Cut? That is the (Central Bank’s) Question In Search of the Neutral Interest Rate in Latin America," IMF Working Papers 12/243, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Christian Bustamante & Luis E. Rojas, 2012. "Constant-Interest-Rate Projections and Its Indicator Properties," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 009383, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Tasa Natural de Interés; Filtro de Kalman; Política Monetaria; Perú.;

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E47 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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