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Adding Tournament to Tournament: Combining Between-Team and Within-Team Incentives

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  • Majerczyk, Michael
  • Sheremeta, Roman
  • Tian, Yu

Abstract

We examine theoretically and experimentally how combining between-team and within-team incentives affects behavior in team tournaments. Theory predicts that free-riding is likely to occur when there are only between-team incentives, and offering within-team incentives may solve this problem. However, if individuals collude, then within-team incentives may not be as effective at reducing free-riding. Consistent with the theoretical predictions, the results of our experiment indicate that although between-team incentives are effective at increasing individual effort, there is substantial free-riding and declining effort over time. Importantly, a combination of between-team and within-team incentives is effective not only at generating effort but also at sustaining effort over time, mitigating free-riding problem, increasing cooperation and decreasing collusion within teams.

Suggested Citation

  • Majerczyk, Michael & Sheremeta, Roman & Tian, Yu, 2018. "Adding Tournament to Tournament: Combining Between-Team and Within-Team Incentives," MPRA Paper 86280, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:86280
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    Cited by:

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    2. Lackner, Mario & Stracke, Rudi & Sunde, Uwe & Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf, 2020. "Are competitors forward looking in strategic interactions? Field evidence from multistage tournaments," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 179(C), pages 544-565.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    individual incentive; team incentive; tournament; free-riding; collusion;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C72 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Noncooperative Games
    • D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods

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