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Innovation, productivity, and export: Evidence from SMEs in Lower Normandy, France


  • Movahedi, Mohammad
  • Gaussens, Olivier


This paper presents an analysis of the crucial relationship between innovation, productivity, and export in SMEs. The primary aims of this study are 1) to evaluate the role of innovation in the premium export; and 2) to test the hypothesis of firm conscious self-selection on willing to export. To this end, our database of SMEs, obtained from the survey conducted in the IDEIS project, provides highly pertinent information on innovation and export areas. We first evaluate apparent premium of exportation and that of innovation. In addition, we demonstrate the effectiveness of the export premium for high exportation firms that implement process and organization innovations. Finally, we analyse the effect of conscious self-selection from the export process that transforms an intention to export into a setting in capacity to export in short term. Conscious selfselection on willing to export is revealed by simultaneously endogeneizing productivity and innovation output based on recursive non-linear model.

Suggested Citation

  • Movahedi, Mohammad & Gaussens, Olivier, 2011. "Innovation, productivity, and export: Evidence from SMEs in Lower Normandy, France," MPRA Paper 40443, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 07 Jun 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:40443

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Movahedi, Mohammad, 2013. "Evaluation of the Technical Efficiency of Export: Data Envelopment Analysis Approach," MPRA Paper 78619, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Alexander Krauss, 2015. "Creating and destroying jobs across East Asia Pacific: a country-level analysis on wages, exports, finance, regulation and infrastructure," IZA Journal of Labor & Development, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 4(1), pages 1-24, December.
    3. Movahedi, Mohammad, 2013. "Le commerce international, l’adoption de l’innovation et le choix de l’entrée-sortie à l’exportation des firmes
      [International trade, innovation adoption and export entry-exit choice of the firms]
      ," MPRA Paper 44268, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 01 Jan 2014.
    4. Naqeeb Ur Rehman, 2017. "Self-selection and learning-by-exporting hypotheses: micro-level evidence," Eurasian Economic Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 7(1), pages 133-160, April.

    More about this item


    Export process; Productivity; Export premium; Innovation premium;

    JEL classification:

    • D21 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Theory
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • C35 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives


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