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Noncausality and Asset Pricing

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  • Lof, Matthijs

Abstract

Misspecification of agents' information sets or expectation formation mechanisms maylead to noncausal autoregressive representations of asset prices. Annual US stock prices are found to be noncausal, implying that agents' expectations are not revealed to an outside observer such as an econometrician observing only realized market data. A simulation study shows that noncausal processes can be generated by asset-pricing models featuring heterogeneous expectations.

Suggested Citation

  • Lof, Matthijs, 2011. "Noncausality and Asset Pricing," MPRA Paper 30519, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:30519
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kenneth Kasa & Todd B. Walker & Charles H. Whiteman, 2014. "Heterogeneous Beliefs and Tests of Present Value Models," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 81(3), pages 1137-1163.
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    3. Meitz, Mika & Saikkonen, Pentti, 2013. "Maximum likelihood estimation of a noninvertible ARMA model with autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 227-255.
    4. Markku Lanne & Pentti Saikkonen, 2011. "GMM Estimation with Non‐causal Instruments," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 73(5), pages 581-592, October.
    5. John Y. Campbell, Robert J. Shiller, 1988. "The Dividend-Price Ratio and Expectations of Future Dividends and Discount Factors," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 1(3), pages 195-228.
    6. Lanne Markku & Saikkonen Pentti, 2011. "Noncausal Autoregressions for Economic Time Series," Journal of Time Series Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 3(3), pages 1-32, October.
    7. Forni, Mario & Giannone, Domenico & Lippi, Marco & Reichlin, Lucrezia, 2009. "Opening The Black Box: Structural Factor Models With Large Cross Sections," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 25(05), pages 1319-1347, October.
    8. Lanne, Markku & Luoto, Jani & Saikkonen, Pentti, 2012. "Optimal forecasting of noncausal autoregressive time series," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 623-631.
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    11. Markku Lanne & Arto Luoma & Jani Luoto, 2012. "Bayesian Model Selection And Forecasting In Noncausal Autoregressive Models," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 27(5), pages 812-830, August.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Lanne Markku, 2015. "Noncausality and inflation persistence," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 19(4), pages 469-481, September.
    2. Matthijs Lof, 2015. "Rational Speculators, Contrarians, and Excess Volatility," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 61(8), pages 1889-1901, August.
    3. Karapanagiotidis, Paul, 2013. "Empirical evidence for nonlinearity and irreversibility of commodity futures prices," MPRA Paper 56801, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Markku Lanne & Jani Luoto, 2016. "Noncausal Bayesian Vector Autoregression," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 31(7), pages 1392-1406, November.
    5. Lanne, Markku & Saikkonen, Pentti, 2013. "Noncausal Vector Autoregression," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 29(03), pages 447-481, June.
    6. Karapanagiotidis, Paul, 2014. "Dynamic modeling of commodity futures prices," MPRA Paper 56805, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Lof, Matthijs, 2013. "Essays on Expectations and the Econometrics of Asset Pricing," MPRA Paper 59064, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Markku Lanne & Henri Nyberg, 2015. "Nonlinear dynamic interrelationships between real activity and stock returns," CREATES Research Papers 2015-36, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    9. repec:eee:eneeco:v:65:y:2017:i:c:p:424-433 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Nyberg, Henri & Saikkonen, Pentti, 2014. "Forecasting with a noncausal VAR model," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 536-555.
    11. Nyholm, Juho, 2017. "Residual-based diagnostic tests for noninvertible ARMA models," MPRA Paper 81033, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    noncausal autoregressions; stock prices; heterogeneous expectations;

    JEL classification:

    • D84 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Expectations; Speculations
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • C59 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Other

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