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Partition, migration, and jute cultivation in India

  • Fenske, James
  • Bharadwaj, Prashant

Climate change is expected to displace millions of involuntary migrants in Bangladesh. We draw on history to show that these ``environmental refugees'' can play a positive role in the regions that receive them by looking at the partition of India. We use an instrumental variables (IV) strategy to show that the migrants played a major role in India's take-up of jute cultivation. Our estimates suggest that migrants fully explain post-Partition jute cultivation. Consistent with migrants bringing jute-specific skills with them, we find that migrants increased jute yields and did not increase the cultivation of other crops.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 22979.

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Date of creation: Mar 2010
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:22979
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  1. Dunlevy, James A. & Hutchinson, William K., 1999. "The Impact of Immigration on American Import Trade in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 59(04), pages 1043-1062, December.
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  9. Bharadwaj, Prashant & Khwaja, Asim Ijaz & Mian, Atif, 2008. "The Big March: Migratory Flows after the Partition of India," Working Paper Series rwp08-029, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government.
  10. Bernhard G. Gunter & Atiq Rahman & A. F. M. Ataur Rahman, 2008. "How Vulnerable are Bangladesh’s Indigenous People to Climate Change?," Bangladesh Development Research Working Paper Series (BDRWPS) BDRWPS No. 1, Bangladesh Development Research Center (BDRC).
  11. Josef C. Brada, 1991. "The Economic Transition of Czechoslovakia from Plan to Market," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 5(4), pages 171-177, Fall.
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