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Migration and Labor Mobility in China

  • Fang, Cai
  • Yang, Du
  • Meiyan, Wang
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    China has witnessed the largest labor migration since the reform and opening up policies were implemented. According to the most recent statistics, the total number of rural to urban migrant workers reached 136 million. Migrants are defined as persons who have left out of township for more than 6 months. The migration flow has propelled the economic and societal transition in China through labor productivity enhancement and social restructuring. Accordingly, the Chinese government has improved the migration policies with increasing migration flow and the changes of labor market situations. This report is organized as follows. Section one briefly introduces when and how the migration started by reviewing the history, size and trend, impacts of migration in China and the vulnerability of migrants. Section two reviews the main migration policy changes in the past three decades. Section three illuminates the Lewisian turning point that marks economic development and transitioning in China. Section four discusses the relevance of China’s experiences to other developing economies in terms of economic development and migration policy changes.

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    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 19187.

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    Date of creation: 01 Apr 2009
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    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:19187
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    1. Olson, Mancur, 1985. "The Exploitation and Subsidization of Agriculture in Developing and Developed Countries," 1985 Conference, August 26-September 4, 1985, Málaga, Spain 182530, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    2. Cai Fang & Wang Meiyan, 2004. "Irregular Employment and the Growth of the Labor Market : An Explanation of Employment Growth in China's Cities and Towns," Chinese Economy, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 37(2), pages 16-28, March.
    3. Zhu, Nong & Luo, Xubei, 2008. "The impact of remittances on rural poverty and inequality in China," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4637, The World Bank.
    4. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521029018 is not listed on IDEAS
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