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Supply Chain Control: A Theory of Vertical Integration

  • Ursino, Giovanni
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    Improving a company's bargaining position is often cited as a chief motivation to vertically integrate with suppliers. This paper expands on that view in building a new theory of vertical integration. In my model firms integrate to gain bargaining power against other suppliers in the production process. The cost of integration is a loss of flexibility in choosing the most suitable suppliers for a particular final product. I show that the firms who make the most specific investments in the production process have the greatest incentive to integrate. The theory provides novel insights to the understanding of numerous stylized facts such as the effect of financial development on the vertical structure of firms, the observed pattern from FDI to outsourcing in international trade, the effect of technological obsolescence on organizations, etc.

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    File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/18357/1/MPRA_paper_18357.pdf
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    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 18357.

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    Date of creation: 01 Oct 2009
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    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:18357
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