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Trade Liberalization And Institutional Development

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  • Sambit Bhattacharyya

Abstract

Recent research shows that the majority of cross-national variation in institutions is related to history. The within variation however is somewhat less explored. We find that the within variation in economic institutions can be explained by trade liberalization. This relationship is robust with various indicators of liberalization, in different sub-samples, and to the inclusion of additional covariates. Short-run trade liberalization appears to be more important than long-run trade liberalization. This may be indicative of a short-term trade liberalization induced shift in the long-run institutional equilibrium. We also find that the country fixed effects are highly correlated with settler mortality and other historical variables. This is consistent with recent theoretical developments in the political economy literature and with the ‘critical juncture’ view of history.

Suggested Citation

  • Sambit Bhattacharyya, 2008. "Trade Liberalization And Institutional Development," Departmental Working Papers 2008-13, The Australian National University, Arndt-Corden Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:pas:papers:2008-13
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    7. Diana Patricia Niño Muñoz, 2015. "Calidad de vida y el desarrollo institucional de los municipios petroleros de Colombia (2000-2010)," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 17(33), pages 203-230, July-Dece.
    8. Moon Jung Choi & Kee Hoon Chung, 2022. "Trade patterns and institutional change in East Asia," Economics of Transition and Institutional Change, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 30(3), pages 567-595, July.
    9. Manwa, Farai & Wijeweera, Albert & Kortt, Michael A., 2019. "Trade and growth in SACU countries: A panel data analysis," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 107-118.
    10. Sena Kimm Gnangnon, 2020. "A Note on the Algebra of Multiple Exchange Rates," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 40(1), pages 316-337.
    11. Kalyvitis, Sarantis & Vlachaki, Irene, 2012. "When does more aid imply less democracy? An empirical examination," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 132-146.
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    17. Bergh, Andreas & Mirkina, Irina & Nilsson, Therese, 2013. "More Open – Better Governed? Evidence from High- and Low-income Countries," Working Paper Series 997, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trade Liberalization; Institutions; Economic Development;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • P16 - Political Economy and Comparative Economic Systems - - Capitalist Economies - - - Capitalist Institutions; Welfare State
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations

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