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Surveillance of Tax Policies: A Synthesis of Findings in Economic Surveys


  • Paul van den Noord
  • Chistopher Heady


Taxation is inevitable in modern economies to finance public spending, which is aimed at meeting fundamental economic and social objectives. However, efficiency losses associated with taxation need to be taken into account when the cost and benefits of public expenditure to be funded are being assessed. The public perception of the fairness of tax systems, the practical enforceability of tax rules and the cost arising from compliance are other important considerations. Against this backdrop, the OECD has reviewed in the past two years the tax systems of a number of Member countries in its periodical Economic Surveys. The analysis and policy recommendations emerging from these reviews may provide some useful lessons for other OECD countries, and these are pulled together in this paper ... Dans les économies modernes, la fiscalité est inévitable pour financer la dépense publique, car elle vise des objectifs économiques et sociaux fondamentaux. Toutefois, il est nécessaire de prendre en compte les pertes d’efficience liées à la fiscalité lorsqu’on évalue les coûts et avantages des dépenses publiques à financer. La perception par le public de l’équité des systèmes fiscaux, les difficultés pratiques rencontrées pour assurer le respect des réglementations fiscales et le coût de la discipline fiscale constituent d’autres aspects importants de la question. Dans ce contexte, l’OCDE a examiné, au cours des deux dernières années, dans ses Études économiques périodiques, les systèmes fiscaux d’un certain nombre de pays Membres. Les analyses et recommandations qui se dégagent de ces études, et qui pourraient être riches d’enseignements pour tous les pays de l’OCDE, sont rassemblées dans ce document ...

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  • Paul van den Noord & Chistopher Heady, 2001. "Surveillance of Tax Policies: A Synthesis of Findings in Economic Surveys," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 303, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:303-en

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    Cited by:

    1. Cecilia García-Peñalosa & Elsa Orgiazzi, 2013. "Factor Components of Inequality: A Cross-Country Study," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 59(4), pages 689-727, December.
    2. Cecilia Garcia Peñalosa & Orgiazzi, E., 2011. "GINI DP 12: Factor Components of Inequality. A Cross-Country Study," GINI Discussion Papers 12, AIAS, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies.
    3. José Mª Durán Cabré & Alejandro Esteller Moré, 2007. "An empirical analysis of wealth taxation: Equity vs. tax compliance," Working Papers 2007/1, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
    4. Ganghof, Steffen, 2001. "Global markets, national tax systems, and domestic politics: Rebalancing efficiency and equity in open states' income taxation," MPIfG Discussion Paper 01/9, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.
    5. Vieri Ceriani & Stefano Manestra & Giacomo Ricotti & Alessandra Sanelli & Ernesto Zangari, 2011. "The tax system and the financial crisis," PSL Quarterly Review, Economia civile, vol. 64(256), pages 39-94.
    6. Niko Gobbin & Glenn Rayp, 2008. "Different ways of looking at old issues: a time-series approach to inequality and growth," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(7), pages 885-895.
    7. Bernardi, Luigi, 2009. "Le tasse in Europa dagli anni novanta
      [Taxation in Europe since the Years 1990s]
      ," MPRA Paper 23441, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Marco Buti & Carlos Martinez-Mongay & Khalid Sekkat & Paul van den Noord, 2003. "Automatic Fiscal Stabilisers in EMU: A Conflict between Efficiency and Stabilisation?," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, vol. 49(1), pages 123-140.
    9. Tiia P¸ss & Mare Viies & Reet Maldre, 2007. "Convergence Analysis of the Structure of Tax Revenue and Tax Burden in EU," Working Papers 166, Tallinn School of Economics and Business Administration, Tallinn University of Technology.
    10. Szarowska, Irena, 2013. "Can tax policy co-cause the crisis?," MPRA Paper 59780, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Luci Ellis, 2010. "The Housing Meltdown: Why Did It Happen in the United States?," International Real Estate Review, Asian Real Estate Society, vol. 13(3), pages 351-394.
    12. Luigi, Bernardi, 2011. "Economic crisis and taxation in Europe," MPRA Paper 31007, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Isabelle Joumard & Mauro Pisu & Debbie Bloch, 2012. "Tackling income inequality: The role of taxes and transfers," OECD Journal: Economic Studies, OECD Publishing, vol. 2012(1), pages 37-70.
    14. Luigi Bernardi, 2005. "Tax Reforms in Italy and in Europe: An Introduction," Giornale degli Economisti, GDE (Giornale degli Economisti e Annali di Economia), Bocconi University, vol. 64(2-3), pages 139-158, November.
    15. Thomas Hemmelgarn & Gaetan Nicodeme & Ernesto Zangari, 2011. "The Role of Housing Tax Provisions in the 2008 Financial Crisis," Taxation Papers 27, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission.
    16. Isabelle Joumard & Mauro Pisu & Debra Bloch, 2012. "Less Income Inequality and More Growth – Are They Compatible? Part 3. Income Redistribution via Taxes and Transfers Across OECD Countries," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 926, OECD Publishing.

    More about this item


    fiscalité; taxation;

    JEL classification:

    • H2 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue


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