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State Earned Income Tax Credits and Participation in Regular and Informal Work

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  • Gunter, Samara

Abstract

This paper examines how low-income single parents alter their regular and informal labor supply in response to the earned income tax credit (EITC). Variation in state EITCs from 1997–2005 identifies changes in informal and regular labor supply of unmarried low-income parents in response to tax credits. The informal-sector participation of single fathers declines by 7.3 percentage points, conditional on working in the regular sector, if a state EITC increases by 10 percent of the federal credit. Regular-sector hours worked per week increase by 4.5 hours and informal sector hours per week fall by 2.2 hours with no significant effect on total hours.

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  • Gunter, Samara, 2013. "State Earned Income Tax Credits and Participation in Regular and Informal Work," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association;National Tax Journal, vol. 66(1), pages 33-62, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:ntj:journl:v:66:y:2013:i:1:p:33-62
    DOI: 10.17310/ntj.2013.1.02
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    2. Bergolo, M. & Cruces, G., 2021. "The anatomy of behavioral responses to social assistance when informal employment is high," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 193(C).
    3. Joan Vilá, 2019. "Respuestas en los ingresos frente a un programa de transferencias monetarias: evidencia de un notch a partir de registros administrativos de Uruguay," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 19-07, Instituto de Economía - IECON.
    4. Otto Lenhart, 2019. "The effects of income on health: new evidence from the Earned Income Tax Credit," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 17(2), pages 377-410, June.
    5. Bergolo, Marcelo & Cruces, Guillermo, 2014. "Work and tax evasion incentive effects of social insurance programs," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 117(C), pages 211-228.
    6. Derrick M. Anderson & Andrew B. Whitford, 2015. "Developing Knowledge States: Technology and the Enhancement of National Statistical Capacity," Papers 1502.07625, arXiv.org.

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