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The difficulties of the Chinese and Indian exchange rate regimes

  • Patnaik, Ila

    ()

    (National Institute of Public Finance and Policy)

  • Shah, Ajay

    ()

    (National Institute of Public Finance and Policy)

China and India have both sought control over the exchange rate in order to maintain export competitiveness, manage current account balance, and pursue independent monetary policy. In this paper, we examine structural change in the Chinese and Indian de facto exchange rate regimes, focusing on the period from 1998 to 2007. With increasing capital account openness, exchange rate inflexibility has been associated with significant monetary policy distortions. In both countries, the short-term rate expressed in real terms dropped, and achieved very low values, in the unprecedented business cycle expansion of the early 2000s. In the Indian case, difficulties of sterilisation led to a modification of the exchange rate regime, moving towards greater flexibility. In China, in contrast, the exchange rate regime did not change.

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File URL: http://www.nipfp.org.in/working_paper/wp_2009_62.pdf
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Paper provided by National Institute of Public Finance and Policy in its series Working Papers with number 09/62.

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Length: 20
Date of creation: Aug 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:npf:wpaper:09/62
Note: Working Paper 62, 2009
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.nipfp.org.in

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