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Financial Crisis, Health Outcomes and Aging: Mexico in the 1980s and 1990s

Author

Listed:
  • David M. Cutler
  • Felicia Knaul
  • Rafael Lozano
  • Oscar Mendez
  • Beatriz Zurita

Abstract

We study the impact of economic crisis on health in Mexico. There have been four wide-scale economic crises in Mexico in the past two decades, the most recent in 1995-96. We find that mortality rates for the very young and the elderly increase or decline less rapidly in crisis years as compared with non-crisis years. In late 1995-96 crisis, mortality rates were about 5 to 7 percent higher in the crisis years compared to the years just prior to the crisis. This translates into a 0.4 percent increase in mortality for the elderly and a 0.06 percent increase in mortality for the very young. We find tentative evidence that economic crises affect mortality by reducing incomes and possibly by placing a greater burden on the medical sector, but not by forcing less healthy members of the population to work or by forcing primary caregivers to go to work.

Suggested Citation

  • David M. Cutler & Felicia Knaul & Rafael Lozano & Oscar Mendez & Beatriz Zurita, 2000. "Financial Crisis, Health Outcomes and Aging: Mexico in the 1980s and 1990s," NBER Working Papers 7746, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:7746 Note: HC
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    JEL classification:

    • I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance

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