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Resolving New Keynesian Anomalies with Wealth in the Utility Function

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  • Pascal Michaillat
  • Emmanuel Saez

Abstract

At the zero lower bound, the New Keynesian model predicts that output and inflation collapse to implausibly low levels, and that government spending and forward guidance have implausibly large effects. To resolve these anomalies, we introduce wealth into the utility function; the justification is that wealth is a marker of social status, and people value status. Since people partly save to accrue social status, the Euler equation is modified. As a result, when the marginal utility of wealth is sufficiently large, the dynamical system representing the zero-lower-bound equilibrium transforms from a saddle to a source—which resolves all the anomalies.

Suggested Citation

  • Pascal Michaillat & Emmanuel Saez, 2018. "Resolving New Keynesian Anomalies with Wealth in the Utility Function," NBER Working Papers 24971, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:24971
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    12. Diba, Behzad & Loisel, Olivier, 2021. "Pegging the interest rate on bank reserves: A resolution of New Keynesian puzzles and paradoxes," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 230-244.
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    1. A New Keynesian Model with Wealth in the Utility Function
      by Christian Zimmermann in NEP-DGE blog on 2018-10-20 20:40:08

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    1. > Macroeconomics > Monetary Theory

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    Cited by:

    1. Ansgar Rannenberg, 2019. "Inequality, the risk of secular stagnation and the increase in household deb," Working Paper Research 375, National Bank of Belgium.
    2. Pablo Cuba-Borda & Sanjay R. Singh, 2019. "Understanding Persistent Stagnation," International Finance Discussion Papers 1243, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    3. Erik Eyster & Kristof Madarasz & Pascal Michaillat, 2019. "Pricing under Fairness Concerns," Papers 1904.05656, arXiv.org, revised Aug 2020.
    4. Christian Bredemeier & Christoph Kaufmann & Andreas Schabert, 2017. "Interest Rate Spreads and Forward Guidance," Working Paper Series in Economics 96, University of Cologne, Department of Economics.
    5. Michaillat, Pascal & Saez, Emmanuel, 2014. "An economical business-cycle model," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 86332, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    6. Cantore, Cristiano & Freund, Lukas B., 2021. "Workers, capitalists, and the government: fiscal policy and income (re)distribution," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 58-74.
    7. Jean-Baptiste Michau & Yoshiyasu Ono & Matthias Schlegl, 2018. "Wealth Preference and Rational Bubbles," ISER Discussion Paper 1035, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University.
    8. Christian Bredemeier & Falko Juessen & Andreas Schabert, 2021. "Why Are Fiscal Multipliers Moderate Even Under Monetary Accommodation?," ECONtribute Discussion Papers Series 074, University of Bonn and University of Cologne, Germany.
    9. Campbell, Jeffrey R. & Ferroni, Filippo & Fisher, Jonas D.M. & Melosi, Leonardo, 2019. "The limits of forward guidance," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 118-134.
    10. Qinchun He & Yulei Luo & Jun Nie & Heng-fu Zou, 2020. "Money, Growth, and Welfare in a Schumpeterian Model with the Spirit of Capitalism," Research Working Paper RWP 20-16, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
    11. Dennis Bonam, 2020. "A convenient truth: The convenience yield, low interest rates and implications for fiscal policy," DNB Working Papers 700, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    12. Jean-Baptiste MICHAU, 2019. "The Preference for Net Wealth," Working Papers 2019-12, Center for Research in Economics and Statistics.
    13. Diba, Behzad & Loisel, Olivier, 2021. "Pegging the interest rate on bank reserves: A resolution of New Keynesian puzzles and paradoxes," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 230-244.
    14. Gauti B. Eggertsson & Marc P. Giannoni, 2020. "Medium‐Term Money Neutrality and the Effective Lower Bound," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 52(S2), pages 561-600, December.
    15. Di Bucchianico, Stefano, 2020. "Discussing Secular Stagnation: A case for freeing good ideas from theoretical constraints?," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 288-297.
    16. Sebastian Gechert & Jan Siebert, 2019. "Preferences over wealth," IMK Working Paper 200-2019, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
    17. Ansgar Rannenberg, 2019. "Forward guidance with preferences over safe assets," Working Paper Research 364, National Bank of Belgium.
    18. Kragl, Jenny & Bental, Benjamin, 2020. "Other-Regarding Preferences and Incentives in the Societal Context," VfS Annual Conference 2020 (Virtual Conference): Gender Economics 224547, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    19. Airaudo, Marco, 2020. "Temptation and forward-guidance," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 186(C).
    20. Kim, Minseong, 2019. "A comment on ergodicity economics," OSF Preprints 7gm8a, Center for Open Science.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E71 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Role and Effects of Psychological, Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Factors on the Macro Economy

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