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Resolving New Keynesian Anomalies with Wealth in the Utility Function

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  • Pascal Michaillat
  • Emmanuel Saez

Abstract

At the zero lower bound, the New Keynesian model predicts that output and inflation collapse to implausibly low levels, and that government spending and forward guidance have implausibly large effects. To resolve these anomalies, we introduce wealth into the utility function; the justification is that wealth is a marker of social status, and people value status. Since people partly save to accrue social status, the Euler equation is modified. As a result, when the marginal utility of wealth is sufficiently large, the dynamical system representing the zero-lower-bound equilibrium transforms from a saddle to a source—which resolves all the anomalies.

Suggested Citation

  • Pascal Michaillat & Emmanuel Saez, 2018. "Resolving New Keynesian Anomalies with Wealth in the Utility Function," NBER Working Papers 24971, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:24971
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Yoshiyasu Ono & Katsunori Yamada, 2018. "Difference or Ratio: Implications of Status Preference on Stagnation," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(3), pages 346-362, September.
    2. Keynes, John Maynard, 1919. "The Economic Consequences of the Peace," History of Economic Thought Books, McMaster University Archive for the History of Economic Thought, number keynes1919.
    3. Christian Bredemeier & Falko Juessen & Andreas Schabert, 2017. "Fiscal Multipliers and Monetary Policy: Reconciling Theory and Evidence," Working Paper Series in Economics 95, University of Cologne, Department of Economics.
    4. Christiane Clemens, 2004. "Status, Risk-Taking and Intertemporal Substitution in an Endogenous Growth Model," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 83(2), pages 103-123, November.
    5. Gabaix, Xavier, 2016. "A Behavioral New Keynesian Model," CEPR Discussion Papers 11729, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. Pascal Michaillat & Emmanuel Saez, 2014. "An Economical Business-Cycle Model," Working Papers Series 6, Institute for New Economic Thinking.
    7. Michau, Jean-Baptiste, 2018. "Secular stagnation: Theory and remedies," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 176(C), pages 552-618.
    8. Sushant Acharya & Keshav Dogra, 2018. "Understanding HANK: insights from a PRANK," Staff Reports 835, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, revised 01 Aug 2018.
    9. Christian Bredemeier & Christoph Kaufmann & Andreas Schabert, 2017. "Interest Rate Spreads and Forward Guidance," Working Paper Series in Economics 96, University of Cologne, Department of Economics.
    10. Jean-Baptiste Michau & Yoshiyasu Ono & Matthias Schlegl, 2018. "Wealth Preference and Rational Bubbles," CESifo Working Paper Series 7148, CESifo Group Munich.
    11. Behzad Diba & Olivier Loisel, 2019. "Pegging the Interest Rate on Bank Reserves: A Resolution of New Keynesian Puzzles and Paradoxes," Working Papers gueconwpa~19-19-05, Georgetown University, Department of Economics.
    12. Jean-Baptiste Michau & Yoshiyasu Ono & Matthias Schlegl, 2018. "Wealth Preference and Rational Bubbles," CESifo Working Paper Series 7148, CESifo Group Munich.
    13. Olivier Jean Blanchard & Stanley Fischer, 1989. "Lectures on Macroeconomics," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262022834, August.
    14. Futagami, Koichi & Shibata, Akihisa, 1998. "Keeping one step ahead of the Joneses: Status, the distribution of wealth, and long run growth," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 109-126, July.
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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. A New Keynesian Model with Wealth in the Utility Function
      by Christian Zimmermann in NEP-DGE blog on 2018-10-20 20:40:08

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    As found on the RePEc Biblio, the curated bibliography for Economics:
    1. > Macroeconomics > Monetary Theory

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ansgar Rannenberg, 2019. "Inequality, the risk of secular stagnation and the increase in household deb," Working Paper Research 375, National Bank of Belgium.
    2. Christian Bredemeier & Christoph Kaufmann & Andreas Schabert, 2017. "Interest Rate Spreads and Forward Guidance," Working Paper Series in Economics 96, University of Cologne, Department of Economics.
    3. Campbell, Jeffrey R. & Ferroni, Filippo & Fisher, Jonas D.M. & Melosi, Leonardo, 2019. "The limits of forward guidance," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 118-134.
    4. Jean-Baptiste MICHAU, 2019. "The Preference for Net Wealth," Working Papers 2019-12, Center for Research in Economics and Statistics.
    5. Pascal Michaillat & Emmanuel Saez, 2014. "An Economical Business-Cycle Model," Discussion Papers 1425, Centre for Macroeconomics (CFM).
    6. Ansgar Rannenberg, 2019. "Forward guidance with preferences over safe assets," Working Paper Research 364, National Bank of Belgium.
    7. Kim, Minseong, 2019. "A comment on ergodicity economics," OSF Preprints 7gm8a, Center for Open Science.
    8. Behzad Diba & Olivier Loisel, 2019. "Pegging the Interest Rate on Bank Reserves: A Resolution of New Keynesian Puzzles and Paradoxes," Working Papers gueconwpa~19-19-05, Georgetown University, Department of Economics.
    9. Pablo Cuba-Borda & Sanjay R. Singh, 2019. "Understanding Persistent Stagnation," International Finance Discussion Papers 1243, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    10. Jean-Baptiste Michau & Yoshiyasu Ono & Matthias Schlegl, 2018. "Wealth Preference and Rational Bubbles," CESifo Working Paper Series 7148, CESifo Group Munich.
    11. Jean-Baptiste Michau & Yoshiyasu Ono & Matthias Schlegl, 2018. "Wealth Preference and Rational Bubbles," CESifo Working Paper Series 7148, CESifo Group Munich.
    12. Sebastian Gechert & Jan Siebert, 2019. "Preferences over wealth," IMK Working Paper 200-2019, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
    13. Erik Eyster & Kristof Madarasz & Pascal Michaillat, 2019. "Pricing under Fairness Concerns," Papers 1904.05656, arXiv.org, revised Mar 2020.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E71 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Role and Effects of Psychological, Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Factors on the Macro Economy

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