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Resolving New Keynesian Anomalies with Wealth in the Utility Function

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  • Pascal Michaillat
  • Emmanuel Saez

Abstract

At the zero lower bound, the New Keynesian model predicts that output and inflation collapse to implausibly low levels, and that government spending and forward guidance have implausibly large effects. To resolve these anomalies, we introduce wealth into the utility function; the justification is that wealth is a marker of social status, and people value status. Since people partly save to accrue social status, the Euler equation is modified. As a result, when the marginal utility of wealth is sufficiently large, the dynamical system representing the zero-lower-bound equilibrium transforms from a saddle to a source---which resolves all the anomalies.

Suggested Citation

  • Pascal Michaillat & Emmanuel Saez, 2019. "Resolving New Keynesian Anomalies with Wealth in the Utility Function," Papers 1905.13645, arXiv.org, revised Dec 2019.
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:1905.13645
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Christian Bredemeier & Christoph Kaufmann & Andreas Schabert, 2017. "Interest Rate Spreads and Forward Guidance," Working Paper Series in Economics 96, University of Cologne, Department of Economics.
    2. Jean-Baptiste Michau & Yoshiyasu Ono & Matthias Schlegl, 2018. "Wealth Preference and Rational Bubbles," CESifo Working Paper Series 7148, CESifo Group Munich.
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    5. Xavier Gabaix, 2016. "A Behavioral New Keynesian Model," NBER Working Papers 22954, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Keynes, John Maynard, 1919. "The Economic Consequences of the Peace," History of Economic Thought Books, McMaster University Archive for the History of Economic Thought, number keynes1919.
    7. Sushant Acharya & Keshav Dogra, 2018. "Understanding HANK: insights from a PRANK," Staff Reports 835, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, revised 01 Aug 2018.
    8. Futagami, Koichi & Shibata, Akihisa, 1998. "Keeping one step ahead of the Joneses: Status, the distribution of wealth, and long run growth," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 109-126, July.
    9. Christian Bredemeier & Falko Juessen & Andreas Schabert, 2017. "Fiscal Multipliers and Monetary Policy: Reconciling Theory and Evidence," Working Paper Series in Economics 95, University of Cologne, Department of Economics.
    10. Yoshiyasu Ono & Katsunori Yamada, 2018. "Difference or Ratio: Implications of Status Preference on Stagnation," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(3), pages 346-362, September.
    11. Emmanuel Saez & Pascal Michaillat, 2014. "An Economical Business-Cycle Model," 2014 Meeting Papers 105, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    12. Christiane Clemens, 2004. "Status, Risk-Taking and Intertemporal Substitution in an Endogenous Growth Model," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 83(2), pages 103-123, November.
    13. Michau, Jean-Baptiste, 2018. "Secular stagnation: Theory and remedies," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 176(C), pages 552-618.
    14. Behzad Diba & Olivier Loisel, 2019. "Pegging the Interest Rate on Bank Reserves: A Resolution of New Keynesian Puzzles and Paradoxes," Working Papers gueconwpa~19-19-05, Georgetown University, Department of Economics.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Jeffrey R. Campbell & Leonardo Melosi & Jonas D. M. Fisher & Filippo Ferroni, 2019. "The limits of forward guidance," Working Paper Series WP-2019-3, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, revised 20 Mar 2019.
    2. Ansgar Rannenberg, 2019. "Inequality, the risk of secular stagnation and the increase in household deb," Working Paper Research 375, National Bank of Belgium.
    3. Jean-Baptiste MICHAU, 2019. "The Preference for Net Wealth," Working Papers 2019-12, Center for Research in Economics and Statistics.
    4. Pablo Cuba-Borda & Sanjay R. Singh, 2019. "Understanding Persistent Stagnation," International Finance Discussion Papers 1243, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    5. Erik Eyster & Kristof Madarasz & Pascal Michaillat, 2019. "Pricing under Fairness Concerns," Papers 1904.05656, arXiv.org, revised Jun 2019.
    6. Sebastian Gechert & Jan Siebert, 2019. "Preferences over wealth," IMK Working Paper 200-2019, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
    7. Kim, Minseong, 2019. "A comment on ergodicity economics," OSF Preprints 7gm8a, Center for Open Science.
    8. Christian Bredemeier & Christoph Kaufmann & Andreas Schabert, 2017. "Interest Rate Spreads and Forward Guidance," Working Paper Series in Economics 96, University of Cologne, Department of Economics.
    9. Jean-Baptiste Michau & Yoshiyasu Ono & Matthias Schlegl, 2018. "Wealth Preference and Rational Bubbles," ISER Discussion Paper 1035, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University.
    10. Behzad Diba & Olivier Loisel, 2019. "Pegging the Interest Rate on Bank Reserves: A Resolution of New Keynesian Puzzles and Paradoxes," Working Papers gueconwpa~19-19-05, Georgetown University, Department of Economics.
    11. Ansgar Rannenberg, 2019. "Forward guidance with preferences over safe assets," Working Paper Research 364, National Bank of Belgium.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy

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