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Income differences and input-output structure

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  • Fadinger, Harald
  • Ghiglino, Christian
  • Teteryatnikova, Mariya

Abstract

We consider a multi-sector general equilibrium model with IO linkages, sector-specific productivities and tax rates. Using tools from network theory, we investigate how the IO structure interacts with productivities and taxes in the determination of aggregate income. We show that aggregate income is a simple function of the first and second moments of the distribution of the IO multipliers, sectoral productivities and sectoral tax rates. We then estimate the parameters of the model to fit their joint empirical distribution. Poor countries have more extreme distributions of IO multipliers than rich economies: there are a few high-multiplier sectors, while most sectors have very low multipliers; by contrast, rich countries have more sectors with intermediate multipliers. Moreover, the correlations of these with productivities and tax rates are positive in poor countries, while being negative in rich ones. The estimated model predicts cross-country income differences extremely well, also out-of-sample. Finally, we perform a number of counterfactuals and compute optimal tax rates.

Suggested Citation

  • Fadinger, Harald & Ghiglino, Christian & Teteryatnikova, Mariya, 2015. "Income differences and input-output structure," Working Papers 15-11, University of Mannheim, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:mnh:wpaper:39627
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    Cited by:

    1. Lo Turco, Alessia & Maggioni, Daniela & Zazzaro, Alberto, 2019. "Financial dependence and growth: The role of input-output linkages," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 162(C), pages 308-328.
    2. Daron Acemoglu & Pablo D. Azar, 2020. "Endogenous Production Networks," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 88(1), pages 33-82, January.
    3. Dungey, Mardi & Volkov, Vladimir, 2018. "R&D and wholesale trade are critical to the economy: Identifying dominant sectors from economic networks," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 162(C), pages 81-85.
    4. Sophie Osotimehin & Latchezar Popov, 2020. "Misallocation and Intersectoral Linkages," Opportunity and Inclusive Growth Institute Working Papers 30, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, revised 18 Feb 2020.
    5. Lorenzo Caliendo & Fernando Parro & Aleh Tsyvinski, 2017. "Distortions and the Structure of the World Economy," NBER Working Papers 23332, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Magalhães, Manuela & Afonso, Óscar, 2017. "A multi-sector growth model with technology diffusion and networks," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(7), pages 1340-1359.
    7. Johannes Boehm & Ezra Oberfield, 2020. "Misallocation in the Market for Inputs: Enforcement and the Organization of Production," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 135(4), pages 2007-2058.
    8. Jorge Miranda Pinto, 2021. "Production Network Structure, Service Share, and Aggregate Volatility," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 39, pages 146-173, January.
    9. Carvalho, Vasco M & Tahbaz-Salehi, Alireza, 2018. "Production Networks: A Primer," CEPR Discussion Papers 13421, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    10. Sophie Osotimehin & Latchezar Popov, 2018. "Misallocation and intersectoral linkages," 2018 Meeting Papers 561, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    11. Robert Zymek & Alejandro Cunat, 2017. "International Value-Added Linkages in Development Accounting," ESE Discussion Papers 281, Edinburgh School of Economics, University of Edinburgh.
    12. Julio Leal, 2018. "Key sectors in Mexico's economic development: a perspective from input-output linkages with sector-specific distortions," 2018 Meeting Papers 571, Society for Economic Dynamics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    input-output structure ; networks ; productivity ; cross-country income differences;

    JEL classification:

    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models
    • D85 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Network Formation

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