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The case for offshore wind farms, artificial reefs and sustainable tourism in the French Mediterranean

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  • Vanja WESTERBERG
  • Jette Bredahl JACOBSEN
  • Robert LIFRAN

Abstract

As the French government strives to achieve their offshore renewable energy target, the impact of offshore wind farms on coastal tourism in the Languedoc Rousillon is now being questioned. To assess this issue, a choice experiment was undertaken to elicit tourist preferences for wind turbines at different distances from the shore. We also examined whether potential visual nuisances may be compensated by wind farm associated reef-recreation or by adopting a coherent environmental policy. The findings indicate that age, nationality, vacation activities and their destination loyalty influence attitudes toward compensatory policies. Two policy recommendations are suggested. First, everything else being equal, wind farms should be located 12 km offshore. Second, and alternatively, a wind farm can be located from 5 km and outwards without a loss in tourism revenues if accompanied by a coherent environmental policy and wind farm associated recreational activities.

Suggested Citation

  • Vanja WESTERBERG & Jette Bredahl JACOBSEN & Robert LIFRAN, 2012. "The case for offshore wind farms, artificial reefs and sustainable tourism in the French Mediterranean," Working Papers 12-11, LAMETA, Universtiy of Montpellier, revised Apr 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:lam:wpaper:12-11
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Vecchiato, Daniel & Tempesta, Tiziano, 2015. "Public preferences for electricity contracts including renewable energy: A marketing analysis with choice experiments," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 168-179.
    2. Karlõševa, Aljona & Nõmmann, Sulev & Nõmmann, Tea & Urbel-Piirsalu, Evelin & Budziński, Wiktor & Czajkowski, Mikołaj & Hanley, Nick, 2016. "Marine trade-offs: Comparing the benefits of off-shore wind farms and marine protected areas," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 127-134.
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    4. repec:eee:enepol:v:113:y:2018:i:c:p:53-67 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Kermagoret, Charlène & Levrel, Harold & Carlier, Antoine & Dachary-Bernard, Jeanne, 2016. "Individual preferences regarding environmental offset and welfare compensation: a choice experiment application to an offshore wind farm project," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 129(C), pages 230-240.
    6. Sascha Samadi, 2017. "The Social Costs of Electricity Generation—Categorising Different Types of Costs and Evaluating Their Respective Relevance," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(3), pages 1-37, March.
    7. Varela, Elsa & Jacobsen, Jette Bredahl & Soliño, Mario, 2014. "Understanding the heterogeneity of social preferences for fire prevention management," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 91-104.
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    13. repec:tou:journl:v:46:y:2017:p:93-115 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Ladenburg, Jacob & Termansen, Mette & Hasler, Berit, 2013. "Assessing acceptability of two onshore wind power development schemes: A test of viewshed effects and the cumulative effects of wind turbines," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 45-54.
    15. repec:eee:ecoser:v:35:y:2019:i:c:p:241-259 is not listed on IDEAS
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    17. repec:eee:enepol:v:122:y:2018:i:c:p:601-611 is not listed on IDEAS
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    25. repec:eee:touman:v:36:y:2013:i:c:p:99-112 is not listed on IDEAS

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