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Aging, transitional dynamics, and gains from trade

Author

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  • Takumi Naito

    (Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan)

  • Laixun Zhao

    (Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration (RIEB), Kobe University, Japan)

Abstract

We formulate a two-country, two-good, two-factor, two-period-lived overlapping generations model to examine how population aging determines the pattern of and gains from trade. We obtain two main results. First, the aging country endogenously becomes a small country exporting the capital-intensive good, whereas the younger country endogenously dominates the world economy determining the world prices, in the free trade steady state. Second, although uncompensated free trade cannot be Pareto superior to autarky, there exists a compensation scheme applied within each country such that free trade is Pareto superior to autarky.

Suggested Citation

  • Takumi Naito & Laixun Zhao, 2008. "Aging, transitional dynamics, and gains from trade," Discussion Paper Series 215, Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University.
  • Handle: RePEc:kob:dpaper:215
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    File URL: http://www.rieb.kobe-u.ac.jp/academic/ra/dp/English/dp215.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Claustre Bajona & Timothy J. Kehoe, 2006. "Demographics in dynamic Heckscher-Ohlin models: overlapping generations versus infinitely lived consumers," Staff Report 377, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
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    7. Momota, Akira & Futagami, Koichi, 2005. "Demographic structure, international lending and borrowing in growing interdependent economies," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 135-162, March.
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    11. Robin Brooks, 2003. "Population Aging and Global Capital Flows in a Parallel Universe," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 50(2), pages 1-3.
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    Cited by:

    1. Frédéric Gannon & Gilles Le Garrec & Vincent Touze, 2016. "Aging, international capital flows and long run convergence," Sciences Po publications 2016-09, Sciences Po.
    2. Igor Fedotenkov, 2014. "Optimal asymmetric taxation in a two-sector model with population ageing," Bank of Lithuania Working Paper Series 15, Bank of Lithuania.
    3. Kenji Fujiwara & Tsuyoshi Shinozaki & Akihiko Yanase, 2011. "Dynamic Interactions in Trade Policy in a Differential Game Model of Tariff Protection," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 15(4), pages 689-698, November.
    4. Richard Chisik & Harun Onder & Dhimitri Qirjo, 2015. "Aging, Trade and Migration," Working Papers 058, Ryerson University, Department of Economics.
    5. Fedotenkov, Igor & van Groezen, Bas & Meijdam, Lex, 2012. "International trade with pensions and demographic shocks," MPRA Paper 74874, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 31 May 2016.
    6. Akira Yakita, 2012. "Different demographic changes and patterns of trade in a Heckscher–Ohlin setting," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 25(3), pages 853-870, July.
    7. Kenji Fujiwara & Tsuyoshi Shinozaki, 2010. "The Closed-Loop Effects Of Market Integration In A Dynamic Duopoly," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(1), pages 1-12, March.
    8. repec:eee:streco:v:41:y:2017:i:c:p:1-12 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Igor Fedotenkov & Bas Groezen & Lex Meijdam, 2014. "Demographic Change, International Trade and Capital Flows," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 25(5), pages 865-883, November.
    10. Yakita, Akira, 2014. "Involuntary unemployment and sustainability of bond-financed fiscal deficit," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, pages 79-93.
    11. Fedotenkov, I., 2012. "Pensions and ageing in a globalizing world. International spillover effects via trade and factor mobility," Other publications TiSEM 8830bc21-4138-4479-8459-a, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Aging and trade; Gains from trade; Overlapping generations model; Transitional dynamics; Compensation scheme;

    JEL classification:

    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

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