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Inference for high-dimensional sparse econometric models

Author

Listed:
  • Alexandre Belloni

    (Institute for Fiscal Studies)

  • Victor Chernozhukov

    () (Institute for Fiscal Studies and MIT)

  • Christian Hansen

    (Institute for Fiscal Studies and Chicago GSB)

Abstract

This article is about estimation and inference methods for high dimensional sparse (HDS) regression models in econometrics. High dimensional sparse models arise in situations where many regressors (or series terms) are available and the regression function is well-approximated by a parsimonious, yet unknown set of regressors. The latter condition makes it possible to estimate the entire regression function effectively by searching for approximately the right set of regressors. We discuss methods for identifying this set of regressors and estimating their coefficients based on l1 -penalization and describe key theoretical results. In order to capture realistic practical situations, we expressly allow for imperfect selection of regressors and study the impact of this imperfect selection on estimation and inference results. We focus the main part of the article on the use of HDS models and methods in the instrumental variables model and the partially linear model. We present a set of novel inference results for these models and illustrate their use with applications to returns to schooling and growth regression.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexandre Belloni & Victor Chernozhukov & Christian Hansen, 2011. "Inference for high-dimensional sparse econometric models," CeMMAP working papers CWP41/11, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:ifs:cemmap:41/11
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    File URL: http://cemmap.ifs.org.uk/wps/cwp4111.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Chernozhukov, Victor & Hansen, Christian, 2008. "The reduced form: A simple approach to inference with weak instruments," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 100(1), pages 68-71, July.
    2. Hansen, Bruce E., 2005. "Challenges For Econometric Model Selection," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 21(01), pages 60-68, February.
    3. A. Belloni & D. Chen & V. Chernozhukov & C. Hansen, 2012. "Sparse Models and Methods for Optimal Instruments With an Application to Eminent Domain," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 80(6), pages 2369-2429, November.
    4. Eric Gautier & Alexandre Tsybakov, 2011. "High-Dimensional Instrumental Variables Regression and Confidence Sets," Working Papers 2011-13, Center for Research in Economics and Statistics.
    5. Jinyong Hahn & Jerry Hausman & Guido Kuersteiner, 2004. "Estimation with weak instruments: Accuracy of higher-order bias and MSE approximations," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 7(1), pages 272-306, June.
    6. Newey, Whitney K., 1997. "Convergence rates and asymptotic normality for series estimators," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 79(1), pages 147-168, July.
    7. A. Belloni & V. Chernozhukov & L. Wang, 2011. "Square-root lasso: pivotal recovery of sparse signals via conic programming," Biometrika, Biometrika Trust, vol. 98(4), pages 791-806.
    8. Chamberlain, Gary, 1987. "Asymptotic efficiency in estimation with conditional moment restrictions," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 305-334, March.
    9. Joshua Angrist & Victor Chernozhukov & Iván Fernández-Val, 2006. "Quantile Regression under Misspecification, with an Application to the U.S. Wage Structure," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 74(2), pages 539-563, March.
    10. Chernozhukov, Victor & Hansen, Christian, 2008. "Instrumental variable quantile regression: A robust inference approach," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 142(1), pages 379-398, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:econom:v:203:y:2018:i:1:p:143-168 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Hannes Mueller & Christopher Rauh, 2016. "Reading Between the Lines: Prediction of Political Violence Using Newspaper Text," Empirical Studies of Conflict Project (ESOC) Working Papers 2, Empirical Studies of Conflict Project.
    3. Caner, Mehmet & Kock, Anders Bredahl, 2018. "Asymptotically honest confidence regions for high dimensional parameters by the desparsified conservative Lasso," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 203(1), pages 143-168.
    4. Kock, Anders Bredahl, 2016. "Oracle inequalities, variable selection and uniform inference in high-dimensional correlated random effects panel data models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 195(1), pages 71-85.
    5. Demian Pouzo, 2015. "On the Non-Asymptotic Properties of Regularized M-estimators," Papers 1512.06290, arXiv.org, revised Oct 2016.
    6. Damian Kozbur, 2013. "Inference in additively separable models with a high-dimensional set of conditioning variables," ECON - Working Papers 284, Department of Economics - University of Zurich, revised Apr 2018.
    7. Ng, Serena, 2013. "Variable Selection in Predictive Regressions," Handbook of Economic Forecasting, Elsevier.
    8. Federico A. Bugni & Mehmet Caner & Anders Bredahl Kock & Soumendra Lahiri, 2016. "Inference in partially identified models with many moment inequalities using Lasso," CREATES Research Papers 2016-12, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    9. Kock, Anders Bredahl & Callot, Laurent, 2015. "Oracle inequalities for high dimensional vector autoregressions," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 186(2), pages 325-344.
    10. Daniel Felix Ahelegbey & Monica Billio & Roberto Casarin, 2016. "Sparse Graphical Vector Autoregression: A Bayesian Approach," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 123-124, pages 333-361.
    11. repec:eee:econom:v:202:y:2018:i:2:p:196-213 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Myrto Kalouptsidi, 2014. "Time to Build and Fluctuations in Bulk Shipping," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 104(2), pages 564-608, February.
    13. Florens, Jean-Pierre & Van Bellegem, Sébastien, 2015. "Instrumental variable estimation in functional linear models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 186(2), pages 465-476.
    14. Ning Xu & Jian Hong & Timothy C. G. Fisher, 2016. "Model selection consistency from the perspective of generalization ability and VC theory with an application to Lasso," Papers 1606.00142, arXiv.org.
    15. Chatterjee, A. & Gupta, S. & Lahiri, S.N., 2015. "On the residual empirical process based on the ALASSO in high dimensions and its functional oracle property," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 186(2), pages 317-324.

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