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Estimation With Many Instrumental Variables

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  • Hansen, Christian
  • Hausman, Jerry
  • Newey, Whitney

Abstract

Using many valid instrumental variables has the potential to improve efficiency but makes the usual inference procedures inaccurate. We give corrected standard errors, an extension of Bekker to nonnormal disturbances, that adjust for many instruments. We find that this adjustment is useful in empirical work, simulations, and in the asymptotic theory. Use of the corrected standard errors in t-ratios leads to an asymptotic approximation order that is the same when the number of instrumental variables grows as when the number of instruments is fixed. We also give a version of the Kleibergen weak instrument statistic that is robust to many instruments.

Suggested Citation

  • Hansen, Christian & Hausman, Jerry & Newey, Whitney, 2008. "Estimation With Many Instrumental Variables," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 26, pages 398-422.
  • Handle: RePEc:bes:jnlbes:v:26:y:2008:p:398-422
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Donald, Stephen G & Newey, Whitney K, 2001. "Choosing the Number of Instruments," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 69(5), pages 1161-1191, September.
    2. John Chao & Norman Swanson, 2004. "Estimation and Testing Using Jackknife IV in Heteroskedastic Regressions With Many Weak Instruments," Departmental Working Papers 200420, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.
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    7. John C. Chao & Norman R. Swanson, 2005. "Consistent Estimation with a Large Number of Weak Instruments," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 73(5), pages 1673-1692, September.
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