Virtual social currencies for unemployed people: social networks and job market access
Alternative currencies continue to develop all around the world, taking various forms (material or immaterial) and ful ll various functions. They are created in order to promote the local economy development and to ght against social exclusion. They are principally aimed to low income people (retired or unemployed people, or people who are living with a low wage). In this paper, we analyze the particular case of virtual currency circulation inside a local community of unemployed people. We elaborate on the assumptions that the organization of LETS and the circulation of complementary currencies have two properties: (i) they help unemployed workers to overcome the double coincidence of want necessity of an informal sector founded on barter exchange; (ii) they help to maintain and develop workers' skills outside job, helping them to observe opportunities of employment even as long-term unemployed workers. We study the global properties of a job market associating traditional short-term and long-term unemployment to the organization of LETS. Using a theoretical Pissarides-style model, we nd that the initial level of trust of agents in the complementary currency(cies) but also the e ective properties of his(these) currency(cies) are crucial for LETS to become permanent institutions. We also nd that if the stationary equilibrium of the job-market includes LETS, then LETS have a positive in uence on the rate of employment, on the expected utility of employed workers, and are Pareto improving when the benchmark case is a job market without any LETS.
|Date of creation:||2013|
|Note:||View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00856480|
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/|
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- C C Williams, 1996.
"Local exchange and trading systems: a new source of work and credit for the poor and unemployed?,"
Environment and Planning A,
Pion Ltd, London, vol. 28(8), pages 1395-1415, August.
- C C Williams, 1996. "Local Exchange and Trading Systems: A New Source of Work and Credit for the Poor and Unemployed?," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 28(8), pages 1395-1415, August.
- Edin, Per-Anders & Gustavsson, Magnus, 2005.
"Time out of work and skill depreciation,"
Working Paper Series
2005:21, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
- M.S. Peacock, 2000. "Local Exchange Trading Systems: A Solution to the Employment Dilemma?," Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 71(1), pages 55-78, 03.
- Christopher A. Pissarides, 1992. "Loss of Skill During Unemployment and the Persistence of Employment Shocks," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 107(4), pages 1371-1391.
- Desjardins, Richard & Warnke, Arne Jonas, 2012.
"Ageing and Skills: A Review and Analysis of Skill Gain and Skill Loss Over the Lifespan and Over Time,"
57089, ZBW - German National Library of Economics.
- Richard Desjardins & Arne Jonas Warnke, 2012. "Ageing and Skills: A Review and Analysis of Skill Gain and Skill Loss Over the Lifespan and Over Time," OECD Education Working Papers 72, OECD Publishing.
- Jacob Mincer & Haim Ofek, 1982. "Interrupted Work Careers: Depreciation and Restoration of Human Capital," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 17(1), pages 3-24.
- Gomez, Georgina M. & Helmsing, A.H.J., 2008. "Selective Spatial Closure and Local Economic Development: What Do We Learn from the Argentine Local Currency Systems?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 36(11), pages 2489-2511, November.
- BÃ¶heim, RenÃ© & Taylor, Mark P., 2000.
"The search for success: do the unemployed find stable employment?,"
ISER Working Paper Series
2000-05, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
- Boheim, Rene & Taylor, Mark P., 2002. "The search for success: do the unemployed find stable employment?," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(6), pages 717-735, December.
- Yves Bourdet & Inga Persson, 1991. "Politique de l'emploi et durée du chômage : une comparaison franco-suédoise," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 38(1), pages 65-92.
- Jérôme Blanc, 2009.
"Contraintes et choix organisationnels dans les dispositifs de monnaies sociales,"
- Jérôme Blanc, 2009. "Contraintes Et Choix Organisationnels Dans Les Dispositifs De Monnaies Sociales," Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 80(4), pages 547-577, December.
- Yves Bourdet & Inga Persson, 1991. "Chômage des jeunes et fonctionnement du marché du travail : les cas français et suédois," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 249(1), pages 39-51.
- Flaig, Gebhard & Licht, Georg & Steiner, Viktor, 1993. "Testing for state dependence effects in a dynamic model of male unemployment behaviour," ZEW Discussion Papers 93-07, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00856480. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (CCSD)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.