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Politique de l'emploi et durée du chômage : une comparaison franco-suédoise

  • Yves Bourdet
  • Inga Persson

[fre] Pourquoi les pays européens connaissent-ils différents niveaux de chômage de longue durée ? Une raison primordiale est la politique de l'emploi. En concentrant l'analyse sur deux pays seulement, le présent article approfondit la connaissance des mécanismes derrière ce résultat. La politique de l'emploi permet en fait de maîtriser les phénomènes d'hystérésis et non seulement l'ampleur mais également la composition et le ciblage de cette politique influencent l'évolution et la structure du chômage. Les différences de conception de la politique de l'emploi se traduisent également par des différences de sensibilité du chômage à la reprise économique ainsi que par des différences dans les mécanismes d'ajustement entre offres et demandes de travail. [eng] Why do long-term unemployment outcomes differ in Western Europe ? The paper presents evidence of the decisive role of labour market policy design in affecting unemployment outcomes. By concentrating on only two countries, it also deepens the understanding of how the effects come about. Labour market policy works by containing the processes that give rise to hysteresis, and not only its size but also its composition and targeting are shown to affect the evolution and patterns of unemployment. Differences in the design of labour market policy also make for different unemployment responses to mic recovery and differences in the matching process on the market.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Observations et diagnostics économiques : revue de l'OFCE.

Volume (Year): 38 (1991)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 65-92

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Handle: RePEc:prs:rvofce:ofce_0751-6614_1991_num_38_1_1683
Note: DOI:10.3406/ofce.1991.1683
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