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Unemployment, Vacancies and the Long-term Unemployed

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  • Budd, Alan
  • Levine, Paul
  • Smith, Peter

Abstract

This paper is concerned with two related features of the labor market-the ratio of long-term to total unemployment, R, and the relat ionship between unemployment and vacancies (the "U-V curve"). A model is developed to explain R in terms of the average probability that an unemployed person will find a job within a particular time period. When the authors add the empirically confirmed hypothesis that this exit probability is lower for the long-term than it is for the short-term unemployed, the n the model is consistent with the observed pattern of unemployment. Copyright 1988 by Royal Economic Society.

Suggested Citation

  • Budd, Alan & Levine, Paul & Smith, Peter, 1988. "Unemployment, Vacancies and the Long-term Unemployed," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 98(393), pages 1071-1091, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecj:econjl:v:98:y:1988:i:393:p:1071-91
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