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Why is there a faster return to work near the border?


  • Jonathan Bougard

    (TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CEE - Centre d'études de l'emploi - M.E.N.E.S.R. - Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche - Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé)


In French border regions, the unemployment durations of communes increase with distance from the border to a threshold of about thirty kilometres, then slightly decrease after this threshold. Depending on the definition of exit from unemployment, differences in unemployment durations between border communes and those located around thirty kilometres from the border are one to eight months, while controlling for the labour force composition. In order to explain this "border effect", we first use a spatial autoregressive model estimated by maximum likelihood. Then we calculate residual durations of unemployment using a linear model estimated by ordinary least squares. The advantage of living near the border is mainly due to certain effects of social composition, especially the proportion of cross-border workers, who improve the quality of informational and relational networks. This scenario applies to communes close to Belgium, Luxembourg, Switzerland and Spain, but it seems less effectual near the borders with Germany and Italy.

Suggested Citation

  • Jonathan Bougard, 2011. "Why is there a faster return to work near the border?," Working Papers halshs-00812122, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00812122
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Eloi Laurent & Joël Maurice & Jean-Paul Fitoussi, 2004. "Ségrégation urbaine et intégration sociale," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/3542, Sciences Po.
    2. Niebuhr, Annekatrin & Stiller, Silvia, 2002. "Integration effects in border regions : a survey of economic theory and empirical studies," HWWA Discussion Papers 179, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
    3. Emmanuel Duguet & Yannick L’Horty & Loïc Du Parquet & Pascale PETIT & Florent SARI, 2010. "Les effets du lieu de résidence sur l’accès à l’emploi : une expérience contrôlée sur des jeunes qualifiés en Ile de France," Documents de recherche 10-01, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.
    4. Laurent Gobillon, 2001. "Emploi, logement et mobilité résidentielle," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 349(1), pages 77-98.
    5. Michel Blanc & François Hild, 2008. "Analyse des marchés locaux du travail : du chômage à l'emploi," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 415(1), pages 45-60.
    6. Jan K. Brueckner & Yves Zenou, 2003. "Space and Unemployment: The Labor-Market Effects of Spatial Mismatch," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 21(1), pages 242-262, January.
    7. repec:adr:anecst:y:2001:i:63-64:p:10 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Emmanuel Duguet & Antoine Goujard & Yannick L’Horty, 2008. "Les inégalités territoriales d'accès à l'emploi : une exploration à partir de sources administratives exhaustives," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 415(1), pages 17-44.
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