IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/hal/journl/halshs-01798712.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Defense firms adapting to major changes in the French R&D funding system

Author

Listed:
  • Jean Belin

    () (GREThA - Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée - UB - Université de Bordeaux - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Marianne Guille

    () (UP2 - Université Panthéon-Assas)

  • Nathalie Lazaric

    () (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - UNS - Université Nice Sophia Antipolis (... - 2019) - UCA - Université Côte d'Azur - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Mérindol Valérie

    () (PSB - Paris School of Business)

Abstract

The structural changes inside the French innovation system have impacted the role of defense firms since the late 1980s. Major changes have affected the defense budget and public R&D funding system in particular. The aim of this article is to understand French defense firms' repositioning within the National Innovation System (NIS) based on an analysis of their R&D behavior over a long period of time (1987 to 2010). We show that French defense firms remain major players in the NIS and faced up to these major changes by adapting the funding of their R&D and their research priorities and rolling out new innovation capabilities. Additionally, they developed new innovation models to take advantage of new collaborative partnerships developed for civil and military markets. JEL classification: G32, 032

Suggested Citation

  • Jean Belin & Marianne Guille & Nathalie Lazaric & Mérindol Valérie, 2018. "Defense firms adapting to major changes in the French R&D funding system," Post-Print halshs-01798712, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-01798712
    DOI: 10.1080/10242694.2018.1461790
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01798712
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01798712/document
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jamal Azzam & Cécile Ayerbe & Rani Jeanne Dang, 2016. "Using patents to orchestrate ecosystem stability : the case of a french aerospace company," Post-Print halshs-01295810, HAL.
    2. Johann Peter Murmann, 2013. "The Coevolution of Industries and Important Features of Their Environments," Organization Science, INFORMS, vol. 24(1), pages 58-78, February.
    3. Useche, Diego, 2014. "Are patents signals for the IPO market? An EU–US comparison for the software industry," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(8), pages 1299-1311.
    4. Jean-Alain Héraud & Jean Lachmann, 2015. "L'évolution du système de recherche et d'innovation : ce que révèle la problématique du financement dans le cas français," Innovations, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(1), pages 9-32.
    5. repec:dau:papers:123456789/1397 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Renaud Bellais & Renelle Guichard, 2006. "Defense Innovation, Technology Transfers And Public Policy," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(3), pages 273-286.
    7. Sharon Belenzon, 2012. "Cumulative Innovation and Market Value: Evidence from Patent Citations," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 122(559), pages 265-285, March.
    8. Cécile Ayerbe & Nathalie Lazaric & Michel Callois & Liliana Mitkova, 2012. "Nouveaux enjeux d'organisation de la propriété intellectuelle dans les industries complexes. Une discussion à partir du cas Thales," Revue d'économie industrielle, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(1), pages 9-42.
    9. Hart, David M., 2009. "Accounting for change in national systems of innovation: A friendly critique based on the U.S. case," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(4), pages 647-654, May.
    10. Claude Serfati, 2001. "The Adaptability Of The French Armaments Industry In An Era Of Globalization," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(2), pages 221-239.
    11. Claude Serfati, 2008. "Le rôle de l'innovation de Défense dans le système national d'innovation de la France," Innovations, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(2), pages 61-83.
    12. Renaud Bellais & Renelle Guichard, 2006. "Defense, Innovation, Technology Transfers and Public Policy in France," Post-Print hal-01160780, HAL.
    13. Guillou, Sarah & Lazaric, Nathalie & Longhi, Christian & Rochhia, Sylvie, 2009. "The French defence industry in the knowledge management era: A historical overview and evidence from empirical data," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 170-180, February.
    14. Lorenz, Edward & Lundvall, Bengt-Ake (ed.), 2006. "How Europe's Economies Learn: Coordinating Competing Models," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199203192.
    15. Philippe Mustar & Mike Wright, 2010. "Convergence or path dependency in policies to foster the creation of university spin-off firms? A comparison of France and the United Kingdom," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 35(1), pages 42-65, February.
    16. Lundvall, Bengt-Ake & Johnson, Bjorn & Andersen, Esben Sloth & Dalum, Bent, 2002. "National systems of production, innovation and competence building," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 213-231, February.
    17. Mowery, David C., 2012. "Defense-related R&D as a model for “Grand Challenges” technology policies," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(10), pages 1703-1715.
    18. Fagerberg, Jan & Srholec, Martin, 2008. "National innovation systems, capabilities and economic development," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(9), pages 1417-1435, October.
    19. Nathalie Lazaric & Alain Raybaut, 2014. "Do incentive systems spur work motivation of inventors in high tech firms? A group-based perspective," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 24(1), pages 135-157, January.
    20. Nathalie Lazaric & Valerie Merindol & Sylvie Rochhia, 2011. "Changes in the French Defence Innovation System: New Roles and Capabilities for the Government Agency for Defence," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(5), pages 509-530.
    21. Cécile Ayerbe & Nathalie Lazaric & Michel Callois & Liliana Mitkova, 2014. "The new challenges of organizing intellectual property in complex industries: a discussion based on the case of Thales," Post-Print hal-01133958, HAL.
    22. Belin, Jean & Guille, Marianne, 2008. "Defence and firm financial structure in France," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 46-61.
    23. Jean Belin & Sandra Cavaco & Marianne Guille, 2012. "Types de R&D. Quel impact sur la dette bancaire des entreprises ?," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 63(5), pages 833-847.
    24. Jean Belin & M. Guille, 2008. "R&D et Innovation: quel financement pour les entreprises défense?," Post-Print hal-00153188, HAL.
    25. Molas-Gallart, Jordi & Tang, Puay, 2006. "Ownership matters: Intellectual Property, privatization and innovation," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 200-212, March.
    26. Mustar, Philippe & Laredo, Philippe, 2002. "Innovation and research policy in France (1980-2000) or the disappearance of the Colbertist state," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 55-72, January.
    27. James Bessen & Eric Maskin, 2009. "Sequential innovation, patents, and imitation," RAND Journal of Economics, RAND Corporation, vol. 40(4), pages 611-635, December.
    28. Nathalie Lazaric & Alain Raybaut, 2014. "Do incentive systems spur work motivations of inventors in high-tech firms," Post-Print halshs-00930186, HAL.
    29. Cécile Ayerbe & Nathalie Lazaric & Michel Callois & Liliana Mitkova, 2014. "The new challenges of organizing intellectual property in complex industries: A discussion based on the case of Thales," Post-Print halshs-01061538, HAL.
    30. David Mowery, 2009. "National security and national innovation systems," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 34(5), pages 455-473, October.
    31. Olivier Brette & Yves Chappoz, 2007. "The French Competitiveness Clusters: Toward a New Public Policy for Innovation and Research?," Journal of Economic Issues, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(2), pages 391-398, June.
    32. Elie Cohen, 2007. "Industrial Policies in France: The Old and the New," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 7(3), pages 213-227, December.
    33. Colatat, Phech, 2015. "An organizational perspective to funding science: Collaborator novelty at DARPA," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 44(4), pages 874-887.
    34. Jean Belin & Marianne Guille, 2006. "Risque financier et dépendance des entreprises de la défense," Post-Print hal-00152952, HAL.
    35. David Versailles, 2005. "Le maître d'œuvre dans les programmes d'armement. De l'émergence à la consolidation des réseaux de connaissances," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 112(1), pages 83-105.
    36. Jean Belin, 2015. "R&D des entreprises défense," Post-Print hal-02145116, HAL.
    37. Andrew James, 2009. "Organisational change and innovation system dynamics: the reform of the UK government defence research establishments," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 34(5), pages 505-523, October.
    38. Michael Hobday & Andrew Davies & Andrea Prencipe, 2005. "Systems integration: a core capability of the modern corporation," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 14(6), pages 1109-1143, December.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Defense firms; System of innovation; R&D;

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-01798712. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (CCSD). General contact details of provider: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/ .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.