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Defense firms adapting to major changes in the French R&D funding system


  • Jean Belin

    () (GREThA - Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée - UB - Université de Bordeaux - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Marianne Guille

    () (UP2 - Université Panthéon-Assas)

  • Nathalie Lazaric

    () (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - UNS - Université Nice Sophia Antipolis (... - 2019) - UCA - Université Côte d'Azur - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Mérindol Valérie

    () (PSB - Paris School of Business)


The structural changes inside the French innovation system have impacted the role of defense firms since the late 1980s. Major changes have affected the defense budget and public R&D funding system in particular. The aim of this article is to understand French defense firms' repositioning within the National Innovation System (NIS) based on an analysis of their R&D behavior over a long period of time (1987 to 2010). We show that French defense firms remain major players in the NIS and faced up to these major changes by adapting the funding of their R&D and their research priorities and rolling out new innovation capabilities. Additionally, they developed new innovation models to take advantage of new collaborative partnerships developed for civil and military markets. JEL classification: G32, 032

Suggested Citation

  • Jean Belin & Marianne Guille & Nathalie Lazaric & Mérindol Valérie, 2018. "Defense firms adapting to major changes in the French R&D funding system," Post-Print halshs-01798712, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-01798712
    DOI: 10.1080/10242694.2018.1461790
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    Defense firms; System of innovation; R&D;

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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