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Numerical labor flexibility and innovation outcomes of start-up firms: A panel data analysis

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  • Kato, Masatoshi
  • Zhou, Haibo

Abstract

Using a panel data set based on repeated questionnaire surveys of Japanese start-up firms, this study examines the effects of numerical labor flexibility on the innovation outcomes of start-up firms, a topic on which there is currently insufficient research. Here, numerical labor flexibility is defined as the external labor turnover of regular employees and the proportion of non-regular employees, and innovation outcomes include product innovation and patent applications. The estimation results of a random-effects probit model indicate that an inverted U-shaped relationship exists between the external labor turnover of regular employees and the probability of patent applications. Moreover, a similar U-shaped relationship exists between the proportion of non-regular employees and the probability of product innovation. These results are interpreted in light of the organizational characteristics of start-up firms. The implications of the findings are discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Kato, Masatoshi & Zhou, Haibo, 2018. "Numerical labor flexibility and innovation outcomes of start-up firms: A panel data analysis," Technovation, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 15-27.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:techno:v:69:y:2018:i:c:p:15-27
    DOI: 10.1016/j.technovation.2017.10.002
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    Cited by:

    1. Hiroshi Teruyama & Yasuo Goto & Sebastien Lechevalier, 2018. "Firm-Level Labor Demand for and Macroeconomic Increases in Non-Regular Workers in Japan," Working Papers halshs-01854291, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Start-up firm; Numerical labor flexibility; External labor turnover of regular employees; The proportion of non-regular employees; Product innovation; Patent applications; Panel data;

    JEL classification:

    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
    • M50 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - General
    • J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D

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