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Harder, Better, Faster... Yet Stronger? Working Conditions and Self-Declaration of Chronic Diseases

Author

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  • Éric Defebvre

    () (TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l’Utilisation des Données Individuelles en lien avec la Théorie Economique - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - UPEC UP12 - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12)

Abstract

The role played by working conditions in worker health status has been widely acknowledged in the literature in general but has received less attention in economics, due to the inherent statistical biases and lack of data available to determine the role of simultaneous and chronic exposures. This study aims to estimate the causal impact of detrimental working conditions on the self-declaration of chronic diseases in France. Using a rebuilt retrospective lifelong panel and defining indicators for physical and psychosocial strains, I implement a mixed econometric strategy that relies on difference-indifferences and matching methods to take into account for selection biases as well as unobserved heterogeneity. For men and women, I find deleterious effects of both types of working conditions on the declaration of chronic diseases after exposure, with varying patterns of impacts according to the nature and magnitude of the strains. These results provide insights into the debate on legal retirement age postponement and justify not only policies being enacted early in individuals' careers in order to prevent subsequent mid-career health repercussions, but also schemes that are more focused on psychosocial risk factors.

Suggested Citation

  • Éric Defebvre, 2018. "Harder, Better, Faster... Yet Stronger? Working Conditions and Self-Declaration of Chronic Diseases," Post-Print hal-02070311, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-02070311
    DOI: 10.1002/hec.3619
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02070311
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    Cited by:

    1. Thomas Barnay & Éric Defebvre, 2019. "L'influence des conditions de travail passées sur la santé auto-déclarée des retraités," Working Papers hal-02070309, HAL.

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