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Working conditions and disabilities in French workers: a career-long retrospective study

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  • Thomas Barnay

    (ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l’Utilisation des Données Individuelles en lien avec la Théorie Economique - UPEC UP12 - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12 - Université Gustave Eiffel)

  • Éric Defebvre

    (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

This study aims to estimate the causal impact of detrimental working conditions on disabilities in France. Using a rebuilt retrospective lifelong panel and defining indicators for physical and psychosocial strains, we implement a mixed econometric strategy relying on difference-in-differences and matching methods to take into account for selection biases as well as unobserved heterogeneity. For men and women, deleterious effects of both types of working conditions on disability after exposure are found, with varying patterns of impacts according to the nature and magnitude of the strains. These results provide insights into the debate on legal retirement age postponement and justify not only policies being enacted early in individuals' careers in order to prevent subsequent mid-career health repercussions, but also schemes that are more focused on psychosocial risk factors.

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas Barnay & Éric Defebvre, 2023. "Working conditions and disabilities in French workers: a career-long retrospective study," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-04085279, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:hal-04085279
    DOI: 10.15609/annaeconstat2009.144.0039
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.science/hal-04085279
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Working conditions; Disability; Matching; Difference in differences; France;
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