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The Impact of a Disability on Labour Market Status : A Comparison of the Public and Private Sectors


  • Thomas Barnay
  • Emmanuel Duguet
  • Christine Le Clainche
  • Mathieu Narcy
  • Yann Videau


This study analyses the causal effect of a disability on the subsequent labour market status by distinguishing between public and private employment in France. This study provides two original contributions. First, previous studies have not distinguished between the public and private sectors although the characteristics of these sectors are likely to affect the relationship between the occurrence of a disability and labour market status. Second, we implement a difference-in-differences approach combined with an exact and dynamic matching method, which has never been used to estimate the effect of a disability on labour market status. We use data from the "Santé et Itinéraires Professionnels" survey or SIP survey conducted in France during the period 2006-2007. Our results indicate that the occurrence of a disability exerts a strong detrimental effect on private employment but has no significant effect on public employment during the five years after its occurrence. Moreover, this public/private difference is neither explained by differences in the type of disability nor by differences in the composition of the workforce employed in each sector.

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas Barnay & Emmanuel Duguet & Christine Le Clainche & Mathieu Narcy & Yann Videau, 2015. "The Impact of a Disability on Labour Market Status : A Comparison of the Public and Private Sectors," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 119-120, pages 39-64.
  • Handle: RePEc:adr:anecst:y:2015:i:119-120:p:39-64
    DOI: 10.15609/annaeconstat2009.119-120.39

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sophie Mitra, 2009. "Disability Screening and Labor Supply: Evidence from South Africa," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 99(2), pages 512-516, May.
    2. Pelkowski, Jodi Messer & Berger, Mark C., 2004. "The impact of health on employment, wages, and hours worked over the life cycle," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(1), pages 102-121, February.
    3. Staubli, Stefan, 2011. "The impact of stricter criteria for disability insurance on labor force participation," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(9-10), pages 1223-1235, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Thomas Barnay & Emmanuel Duguet & Christine Le Clainche & Yann Videau, 2019. "An evaluation of the 1987 French Disabled Workers Act: better paying than hiring," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer;Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gesundheitsökonomie (DGGÖ), vol. 20(4), pages 597-610, June.
    2. Thomas Barnay & Éric Defebvre, 2021. "Working conditions and disabilities in French workers: a career-long retrospective study," Erudite Working Paper 2021-14, Erudite.
    3. Emmanuel Duguet & Christine Le Clainche, 2020. "The Socioeconomic and Gender Impacts of Health Events on Employment Transitions in France: A Panel Data Study," Journal of Human Capital, University of Chicago Press, vol. 14(3), pages 449-483.
    4. Eric Defebvre, 2016. "Harder, better, faster... yet stronger? Working conditions and self-declaration of chronic diseases," TEPP Working Paper 2016-07, TEPP.
    5. Justine Bondoux & Thomas Barnay & Thomas Renaud & Florence Jusot, 2021. "How Does Disability Affect Income? An Empirical Study on Older European Workers," Erudite Working Paper 2021-05, Erudite.
    6. Thomas Barnay & Emmanuel Duguet & Yann Videau, 2022. "Did the 2005 French Disabled workers Act increase the employment rate of people with disabilities? An econometric evaluation on panel data," Erudite Working Paper 2022-01, Erudite.
    7. Éric Defebvre, 2018. "Harder, better, faster … Yet stronger? Working conditions and self‐declaration of chronic diseases," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 27(3), pages 59-76, March.

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