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Dévaluation interne, politiques structurelles et réductions des déficits publics : les réponses apportées par la « troïka » sont-elles un remède aux déséquilibres externes des pays périphériques de la zone euro ?

Author

Listed:
  • Francisco Serranito

    () (LEO - Laboratoire d'économie d'Orleans - UO - Université d'Orléans - Université de Tours - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

L’objectif de cet article était de faire un bilan des travaux récents des effets des politiques économiques préconisées par la Troïka dans la résorption de la crise de la dette européenne. Pour l’instant, la seule réponse apportée par la Troïka est la politique d’austérité et de dévaluation interne à court terme et la mise en place de politiques structurelles de libéralisation des marchés à long terme. Nous montrons que la mise en place de ces plans d’ajustement structurel dans les pays périphériques de la zone euro provient d’une interprétation erronée des origines de la crise de la dette souveraine. Ces plans ont toutefois conduit à un processus d’ajustement dans les pays périphériques. La dévaluation interne a bien permis une baisse de leur coût unitaire salarial et donc une amélioration de leur compétitivité-prix. Cependant, nous montrons que cette baisse résulte essentiellement de facteurs cycliques. Nous suggérons, par conséquent, que l’ajustement des déséquilibres intra-européens ne peut se réaliser que si les politiques économiques sont profondément remaniées aussi bien dans le Nord que dans la périphérie de la zone.

Suggested Citation

  • Francisco Serranito, 2015. "Dévaluation interne, politiques structurelles et réductions des déficits publics : les réponses apportées par la « troïka » sont-elles un remède aux déséquilibres externes des pays périphériques de la," Post-Print hal-01384665, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01384665
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01384665
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    déséquilibre externe; dévaluation interne; politique structurelle; crise de la dette en zone euro;

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • H63 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - Debt; Debt Management; Sovereign Debt

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